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Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064966.084

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

Macroeconomic outcomes in low-income countries (LICs) have improved markedly in recent years, but important questions remain regarding possible adjustments in the design of IMF-supported programs in such countries....

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

Macroeconomic outcomes in low-income countries (LICs) have improved markedly in recent years, but important questions remain regarding possible adjustments in the design of IMF-supported programs in such countries....

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

Macroeconomic outcomes in low-income countries (LICs) have improved markedly in recent years, but important questions remain regarding possible adjustments in the design of IMF-supported programs in such countries....

The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries

The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Claire Liuksila , Henri Lorie , Walter Mahler , and Karim Nashashibi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752291.084

ISBN: 9781557752291

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Government expenditures, Structural adjustment, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Taxation, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, capital expenditure, tax revenue

A strengthened fiscal position is at the core of most economic adjustment programs supported by IMF lending, especially for the poorer countries that draw on the IMF's structural adjustment facilities. This paper r...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

Macroeconomic outcomes in low-income countries have improved markedly in recent years. Reflecting improvements in policy implementation, increased official financial support, and a relatively benign internat...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Claire Liuksila , Henri Lorie , Walter Mahler , and Karim Nashashibi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557752291

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Government expenditures, Structural adjustment, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Taxation, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, capital expenditure, tax revenue

Fiscal adjustment is at the core of most programs supported by IMF lending arrangements and has been particularly important in programs supported by the structural adjustment facility and enhanced structural...

II Fiscal Performance Under SAF/ESAF: Overall Analysis

II Fiscal Performance Under SAF/ESAF: Overall Analysis »

Source: The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Claire Liuksila , Henri Lorie , Walter Mahler , and Karim Nashashibi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557752291

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Government expenditures, Structural adjustment, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Taxation, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, capital expenditure, tax revenue

There is no “typical” SAF/ESAF country. However, countries that enter into SAF/ESAF arrangements have a number of common characteristics. To qualify for the concessional assistance provided under these arran...

II Stylized Facts of PRGF-Supported Programs in Mature Stabilizers

II Stylized Facts of PRGF-Supported Programs in Mature Stabilizers »

Source: Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

PRGF-supported programs in the 15 mature stabilizers during 2000–03 have generally sought to consolidate macroeconomic stability and foster growth. By and large, growth outcomes have been in line with progra...

III Monetary Policy Issues in PRGF-Supported Programs

III Monetary Policy Issues in PRGF-Supported Programs »

Source: Designing Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Gabriel Di Bella , Shamsuddin Tareq , Benedict Clements , and Abebe Aemro Selassie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064966

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, money growth, monetary policy

As noted above, maintaining inflation in the low single digits is an important feature of PRGF-supported programs in the mature stabilizers. In general, programs sought to keep inflation in the 4–6 percent r...

III Nature of Fiscal Adjustment

III Nature of Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Claire Liuksila , Henri Lorie , Walter Mahler , and Karim Nashashibi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557752291

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Government expenditures, Structural adjustment, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Taxation, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, capital expenditure, tax revenue

While Section II focused on the aggregate measures used to assess the magnitude of fiscal adjustment during the program periods, the sources of fiscal adjustment are just as important as the size of the cut...