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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Managing Credit Bubbles

Managing Credit Bubbles »

Volume/Issue: 2014/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Martin , and Jaume Ventura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498307666.001

ISBN: 9781498307666

Keywords: rollover crises, secondary markets, crowding, capital stock, capital income, credit constraint, credit market, International Lending and Debt Problems, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Open Economy Macroeconomics

We study a dynamic economy where credit is limited by insufficient collateral and, as a result, investment and output are too low. In this environment, changes in investor sentiment or market expectations can give...

Managing Credit Bubbles

Managing Credit Bubbles »

Source: Managing Credit Bubbles

Volume/Issue: 2014/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Martin , and Jaume Ventura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498307666

Keywords: rollover crises, secondary markets, crowding, capital stock, capital income, credit constraint, credit market, International Lending and Debt Problems, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Open Economy Macroeconomics

We study a dynamic economy where credit is limited by insufficient collateral and, as a result, investment and output are too low. In this environment, changes in investor sentiment or market expectations can give...