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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Foreign Banks in the CESE Countries

Foreign Banks in the CESE Countries »

Source: Foreign Banks in the CESE Countries : In for a Penny, in for a Pound?

Volume/Issue: 2009/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Li Ong , and Andrea Maechler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451872026

Keywords: Contagion, cross-border claims, home, host, local affiliates of foreign banks, claims, bank claims, bank for international settlements, banking sector,

The aim of this paper is to construct a comprehensive and consistent dataset to analyze the potential risks from foreign bank lending, for both the creditor and borrower countries of Central, Eastern and South-East...

Foreign Banks in the CESE Countries
			: In for a Penny, in for a Pound?

Foreign Banks in the CESE Countries : In for a Penny, in for a Pound? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Li Ong , and Andrea Maechler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872026.001

ISBN: 9781451872026

Keywords: Contagion, cross-border claims, home, host, local affiliates of foreign banks, claims, bank claims, bank for international settlements, banking sector,

The aim of this paper is to construct a comprehensive and consistent dataset to analyze the potential risks from foreign bank lending, for both the creditor and borrower countries of Central, Eastern and South-East...

Is There a Debt-threshold Effect on Output Growth?

Is There a Debt-threshold Effect on Output Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Chudik , Kamiar Mohaddes , M. Pesaran , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513513355.001

ISBN: 9781513513355

Keywords: Panel tests of threshold effects, long-run relationships, estimation and inference, large dynamic heterogeneous panels, cross-section dependence, and inflation, variables, gdp, cd, inflation

This paper studies the long-run impact of public debt expansion on economic growth and investigates whether the debt-growth relation varies with the level of indebtedness. Our contribution is both theoretical and e...

Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks - Lessons for Austria from International Experience

Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks - Lessons for Austria from International Experience »

Volume/Issue: 2008/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lundback

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870213.001

ISBN: 9781451870213

Keywords: Fiscal Frameworks, mtbf, expenditure, expenditures, fiscal policies,

The Austrian government is about to introduce a new fiscal management framework. The first step is to introduce a medium-term budgetary framework, including an expenditure rule. The paper focuses on this first step...

Regional Financial Interlinkages and Financial Contagion within Europe

Regional Financial Interlinkages and Financial Contagion within Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2009/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Inci Ötker , Karl Driessen , and Zsófia Árvai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871531.001

ISBN: 9781451871531

Keywords: Financial linkages, contagion, spillover effects, funding exposure, credit growth, Central, Eastern, Southeastern Europe, claims, banking

This paper focuses on financial interlinkages within Europe and potential contagion channeled through these interlinkages. It discusses the increased role of external financing as a source of funding for credit gro...

The Structural Budget Balance The IMF's Methodology

The Structural Budget Balance The IMF's Methodology »

Volume/Issue: 1999/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Hagemann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851809.001

ISBN: 9781451851809

Keywords: Budget balance, structural budget balance, unemployment, budget balances

This paper describes the methodology used by the IMF staff to calculate the structural budget balance, estimates of which are published regularly in the IMF’s World Economic Outlook. The structural budget ba...

The Volatility of Consumption in a Simple General Equilibrium Model

The Volatility of Consumption in a Simple General Equilibrium Model »

Volume/Issue: 1992/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gunnar Tersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451946130.001

ISBN: 9781451946130

Keywords: optimization, time series, autocorrelation, correlation, consumption relative

This paper studies the volatility of consumption relative to output in the context of a simple general equilibrium model of a small open economy subject to exogenous shocks in productivity. With infinite horizons a...

Trading Blocs and Welfare
			: How Trading Bloc Members Are Affected by New Entrants

Trading Blocs and Welfare : How Trading Bloc Members Are Affected by New Entrants »

Volume/Issue: 1998/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Hacker , and Qaizar Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850611.001

ISBN: 9781451850611

Keywords: Trading Blocs, Duopoly, equation, equations, trade bloc, domestic market

This paper uses the three-country duopoly model to examine the effects of lowered trade barriers when a new entrant joins a trading bloc. There are two firms—a small-country firm and a large-country firm wit...

Youth Unemployment in Advanced Europe
			: Okun's Law and Beyond

Youth Unemployment in Advanced Europe : Okun's Law and Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2015/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Angana Banerji , Huidan Lin , and Sergejs Saksonovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498382519.001

ISBN: 9781498382519

Keywords: Youth employment, youth unemployment, Okun&;amp;#x2019;s law, business cycle, labor market factors, labor market, labor, employment, General, Labor Force and Employment

The crisis has intensified what was previously a chronic unemployment problem in Europe; youth unemployment is now at unprecedented highs in some European countries. This paper assesses the main drivers of youth un...