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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth

International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1992/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jong-Wha Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851335.001

ISBN: 9781451851335

Keywords: growth rate, free trade, growth rates, per capita income

The links between trade and growth are examined in a neoclassical model of an open economy in which domestic production requires both domestic and imported inputs. The model shows that trade distortions induced by...

International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth

International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth »

Source: International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 1992/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jong-Wha Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1992

ISBN: 9781451851335

Keywords: growth rate, free trade, growth rates, per capita income

The links between trade and growth are examined in a neoclassical model of an open economy in which domestic production requires both domestic and imported inputs. The model shows that trade distortions induced by...