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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Why Do Countries Peg the Way They Peg? The Determinants of Anchor Currency Choice

Why Do Countries Peg the Way They Peg? The Determinants of Anchor Currency Choice »

Volume/Issue: 2008/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nienke Oomes , and Christopher Meissner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869910.001

ISBN: 9781451869910

Keywords: exchange rate regime, anchor, network externalities, optimal currency area, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, trade partners,

What determines the currency to which countries peg or "anchor" their exchange rate? Data for over 100 countries between 1980 and 1998 reveal that trade network externalities are a key determinant. This implies tha...

Why Do Countries Peg the Way They Peg? The Determinants of Anchor Currency Choice

Why Do Countries Peg the Way They Peg? The Determinants of Anchor Currency Choice »

Source: Why Do Countries Peg the Way They Peg? The Determinants of Anchor Currency Choice

Volume/Issue: 2008/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nienke Oomes , and Christopher Meissner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869910

Keywords: exchange rate regime, anchor, network externalities, optimal currency area, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, trade partners,

What determines the currency to which countries peg or "anchor" their exchange rate? Data for over 100 countries between 1980 and 1998 reveal that trade network externalities are a key determinant. This implies tha...