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Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2018/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Vera Martin , Tarak Jardak , Robert Tchaidze , Juan Trevino , and Helen Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484360774

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic conditions

External shocks since 2014-lower oil prices and slower growth in key trading partners-have put financial sectors, mainly banks, in the eight Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries under increased stress.  E...

Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...

Chapter 2 Background

Chapter 2 Background »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

The IMF has been at the forefront in helping low-income countries (LICs) address the macroeconomic impact of the global food, fuel, and financial crises. LICs were hard hit by massive increases in food and f...

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Comparison with Global Peers Public wage bills in the MENAP region are higher than in other emerging market and developing economies (Figure 2.1). 1...

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Conclusion »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Management of public sector wage bills has emerged as an important policy challenge for the region. Reflecting legacies from the past—including the large role of the state—as well as considerable oil wealth...

Chapter 5 Conclusions

Chapter 5 Conclusions »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

Over the past decade, since the advent of the PRGF, the Fund has sought to refocus its programs with LIC members. Macroeconomic policies, though still geared toward ensuring sustainability, were intended to...

Chapter 3. Drivers

Chapter 3. Drivers »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Policy Objectives Employment In many areas of the MENAP region, high wage bills reflect the traditional role of the state as the employer of first reso...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Economic and social challenges have intensified across the Middle East and Central Asia. Despite a stronger global economy, the growth outlook for the region remains subdued (IMF 2017). Weak economic growth...

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Public Service Delivery Higher wage bills have on average not produced better service delivery, though public services are also affected by other considerations (Figures 4.1 and 4.2)...

Chapter 1 Overview

Chapter 1 Overview »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

The IMF has been at the forefront in helping low-income countries (LICs) address the macroeconomic impact of the global food, fuel, and financial crises. LICs have been hard hit by massive increases in world...