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Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...

Chapter 3. An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Successful Subsidy Reform

Chapter 3. An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Successful Subsidy Reform »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

In this chapter, we develop a rigorous and detailed approach to the problem of identifying the potential determinants of a successful subsidy reform. Our analysis builds on the exis...

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Comparison with Global Peers Public wage bills in the MENAP region are higher than in other emerging market and developing economies (Figure 2.1). 1...

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Conclusion »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Management of public sector wage bills has emerged as an important policy challenge for the region. Reflecting legacies from the past—including the large role of the state—as well as considerable oil wealth...

Chapter 6. Conclusions

Chapter 6. Conclusions »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

Main Lessons and Takeaways In this paper, we have reviewed subsidy reform in many countries in the world with particular attention to the reforms recently undertaken in the Middle Ea...

Chapter 3. Drivers

Chapter 3. Drivers »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Policy Objectives Employment In many areas of the MENAP region, high wage bills reflect the traditional role of the state as the employer of first reso...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is going through a period of unprecedented change. 1 Political transitions—ranging in intensity from...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Economic and social challenges have intensified across the Middle East and Central Asia. Despite a stronger global economy, the growth outlook for the region remains subdued (IMF 2017). Weak economic growth...

Chapter 5. Issues of Special Interest to the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter 5. Issues of Special Interest to the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

This chapter will cover topics of particular importance to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), based on recent reform experiences: best practices in social safety nets, impact...

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Public Service Delivery Higher wage bills have on average not produced better service delivery, though public services are also affected by other considerations (Figures 4.1 and 4.2)...