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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Long-Run Relationship Between Real Exchange Rates and Real Interest Rate Differentials
			: A Panel Study

The Long-Run Relationship Between Real Exchange Rates and Real Interest Rate Differentials : A Panel Study »

Volume/Issue: 1999/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jun Nagayasu , and Ronald MacDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845556.001

ISBN: 9781451845556

Keywords: Real exchange rates, real interest rates, panel cointegration, cointegration, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper empirically examines the long-run relationship between real exchange rates and real interest rate differentials over the recent floating exchange rate period, using a panel cointegration method, with dat...

Wage Centralization, Union Bargaining, and Macroeconomic Performance

Wage Centralization, Union Bargaining, and Macroeconomic Performance »

Volume/Issue: 2002/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James McHugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856354.001

ISBN: 9781451856354

Keywords: wage centralization, wage, aggregate demand, monetary policy, Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General,

This paper addresses two questions. First, under what circumstances will a centralized wage-bargaining system offer higher output and employment than a decentralized system? Second, what is the relationship between...

The Long-Run Relationship Between Real Exchange Rates and Real Interest Rate Differentials

The Long-Run Relationship Between Real Exchange Rates and Real Interest Rate Differentials »

Source: The Long-Run Relationship Between Real Exchange Rates and Real Interest Rate Differentials : A Panel Study

Volume/Issue: 1999/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jun Nagayasu , and Ronald MacDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451845556

Keywords: Real exchange rates, real interest rates, panel cointegration, cointegration, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper empirically examines the long-run relationship between real exchange rates and real interest rate differentials over the recent floating exchange rate period, using a panel cointegration method, with dat...

Wage Centralization, Union Bargaining, and Macroeconomic Performance

Wage Centralization, Union Bargaining, and Macroeconomic Performance »

Source: Wage Centralization, Union Bargaining, and Macroeconomic Performance

Volume/Issue: 2002/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James McHugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451856354

Keywords: wage centralization, wage, aggregate demand, monetary policy, Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General,

This paper addresses two questions. First, under what circumstances will a centralized wage-bargaining system offer higher output and employment than a decentralized system? Second, what is the relationship between...