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4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since political economy factors are an important determinant of procyclicality of policies, measures to contain the misuse of fiscal policy discretion can be benefic...

3 Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy

3 Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Although some debate on the feasibility and effectiveness of fiscal policy in stabilizing output fluctuations continues, there is little disagreement that, as a rule...

Deep Roots of Fiscal Behavior

Deep Roots of Fiscal Behavior »

Source: Deep Roots of Fiscal Behavior

Volume/Issue: 2014/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and Katerina Teksoz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2014

ISBN: 9781475516111

Keywords: fiscal reaction functions, fiscal policy volatility, budget balance, discretionary fiscal policy, fiscal reaction, primary budget balance, General, Deficit,

This paper investigates the determinants of fiscal policy behavior and its time-varying volatility, using panel data for a broad set of advanced and emerging market economies during the period 1990-2012. The empiri...

2 Discretion, Institutions, and Fiscal Discipline

2 Discretion, Institutions, and Fiscal Discipline »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Economic analysis has long recognized that policymakers, particularly in the fiscal domain, act quite rationally according to specific incentives, including reelecti...

1 Fiscal Discipline: Key Issues and Overview

1 Fiscal Discipline: Key Issues and Overview »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since the early 1970s, fiscal deficits and rising public debt have been ubiquitous features of government budgetary positions. Indeed, in aggregate, fiscal balances...

5 Fiscal Responsibility Laws

5 Fiscal Responsibility Laws »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

The search for more comprehensive institutional arrangements to improve fiscal policy outcomes intensified during the last decade. Analogous to the monetary policy d...

Growth Strategies, Employment, and Income Distribution in Brazil

Growth Strategies, Employment, and Income Distribution in Brazil »

Source: Growth Strategies, Employment, and Income Distribution in Brazil : An Input-Output Assessment

Volume/Issue: 1991/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451938944

Keywords: employment, job creation, input-output, income groups

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil

Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil »

Source: Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil : Evidence From A Social Security Reform

Volume/Issue: 2008/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451870992

Keywords: social security reform, child labor, family, school enrollment, old-age benefits, benefits, wage, minimum wage, younger siblings,

This paper studies the effects of household income on labor participation and school enrollment of children aged 10 to 14 in Brazil using a social security reform as a source of exogenous variation in household inc...

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution »

Source: How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution : The Cross-Country Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1997/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922714

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic factors, terms of trade, external position, income distribution data, distribution of income

This study develops a cross-section empirical framework to examine the relationship between the macroeconomic environment and trends in income distribution. The macroeconomic variables that are found to be associat...

Deep Roots of Fiscal Behavior

Deep Roots of Fiscal Behavior »

Volume/Issue: 2014/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and Katerina Teksoz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475516111.001

ISBN: 9781475516111

Keywords: fiscal reaction functions, fiscal policy volatility, budget balance, discretionary fiscal policy, fiscal reaction, primary budget balance, General, Deficit,

This paper investigates the determinants of fiscal policy behavior and its time-varying volatility, using panel data for a broad set of advanced and emerging market economies during the period 1990-2012. The empiri...