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CHAPTER 6. Conclusions

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Over the past decades, African countries have set ambitious goals for their regional trade arrangements, but the results have so far fallen short of expectations. Most African RTAs started with a low level o...

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Have RTAs Helped Increase Intraregional Trade? Time-series data show that the impact of the RTAs on intra-African trade seems to have been small or insignificant. As a share of th...

CHAPTER 1. Introduction

CHAPTER 1. Introduction »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Africa is home to some 30 regional trade arrangements (RTAs), many of which are part of deeper regional integration schemes. 1 On average, each African country belongs to four RTA...

CHAPTER 4. Policy Implications

CHAPTER 4. Policy Implications »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

The generally disappointing record of African RTAs warrants a reexamination of the underlying assumptions. Is the record disappointing because no preconditions were established to make the RTAs beneficial, d...

CHAPTER 2. Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

CHAPTER 2. Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Global Background RTAs have been proliferating exponentially throughout the world. Nearly all countries now participate in at least one RTA, and approximately 300 RTAs, both bilat...

CHAPTER 5. Role of the IMF

CHAPTER 5. Role of the IMF »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

The discussion so far highlights the need to take a broad perspective in thinking about how to make African RTAs work better. Careful design and sustained implementation are necessary to make any RTA deliver...

Feeling The Elephant's Weight

Feeling The Elephant's Weight »

Source: Feeling The Elephant's Weight : The Impact of Côte d'Ivoire's Crisis on WAEMU Trade

Volume/Issue: 2011/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , and Ankouvi Nayo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

ISBN: 9781455226085

Keywords: integration, political instability, gravity models, WAEMU, C&;amp;#x00F4;te d&;amp;#x2019;Ivoire, trade partners, trade flows, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade: Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper analyzes the impact of political instability in Côte d'Ivoire on WAEMU trade over 1990-2007, applying panel econometric techniques to a gravity model of trade within WAEMU and between WAEMU and the rest...

Financial Integration and Macroeconomic Volatility

Financial Integration and Macroeconomic Volatility »

Source: Financial Integration and Macroeconomic Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2003/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Eswar Prasad , and Ayhan Kose

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451846997

Keywords: Financial Globalization, Macroeconomic Fluctuations, Income and Consumption Volatility, International Risk Sharing, financial integration, output volatility, capital flows, trade openness, trade integration, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

This paper examines the impact of international financial integration on macroeconomic volatility in a large group of industrial and developing economies over the period 1960-99. We report two major results: First,...

Growing Up with Capital Flows

Growing Up with Capital Flows »

Source: Growing Up with Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2002/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Antu Murshid

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849745

Keywords: capital flows, foreign capital, capital account liberalization, International Finance: General,

In a sample of 60 developing countries, we find evidence of a strong-almost one-to-one-relationship between capital inflows and domestic investment. However, this relationship has evolved over time. While growing f...

How Do Trade and Financial Integration Affect the Relationship Between Growth and Volatility?

How Do Trade and Financial Integration Affect the Relationship Between Growth and Volatility? »

Source: How Do Trade and Financial Integration Affect the Relationship Between Growth and Volatility?

Volume/Issue: 2005/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad , Marco Terrones , and Ayhan Kose

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860382

Keywords: international trade and financial linkages, macroeconomic volatility and growth, trade integration, financial integration, trade openness, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

The influential work of Ramey and Ramey (1995) highlighted an empirical relationship that has now come to be regarded as conventional wisdom-that output volatility and growth are negatively correlated. We reexamine...