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Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Source: Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle

Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle »

Source: Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle

Volume/Issue: 1994/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451971927

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, inflationary pressures, price inflation, monetary fund

The business cycle in several industrial countries during the period 1989-1993 was different from previous post World War II business cycles in important ways. This paper describes the unique character of the recen...

Capital Flight from Russia

Capital Flight from Russia »

Source: Capital Flight from Russia

Volume/Issue: 2000/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451972115

Keywords: Capital outflows, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, capital flight, transition, capital controls, capital account, balance of payments

This paper documents the scale of capital flight from Russia, compares it with that observed in other countries, and reviews policy options. The evidence from other countries suggests that capital flight can be rev...

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures »

Source: Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring »

Source: Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring : The Experience of Bulgaria

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Aerdt Houben

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451971941

Keywords: Bulgaria, debt, debt reduction, interest, debt service, external debt

This paper reviews commercial bank debt restructuring based on the recent experience of Bulgaria. While the deal is shown to have generated substantial debt relief at a remarkably low cost, several lessons are draw...

Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings

Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings »

Source: Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings

Volume/Issue: 2005/9

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julie Kozack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451975840

Keywords: Financial crisis, Discount rates, International financial markets, Sovereign debt restructuring, Discount rate, net present value, debt, debt restructuring, debt sustainability, debt service

Assessments regarding the effectiveness of sovereign debt restructurings are often summarized by comparisons of the net present value of debt service before and after the restructuring. These calculations are inher...

Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy"

Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy" »

Source: Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy"

Volume/Issue: 2002/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451971019

Keywords: Fiscal policy, IMF, International Monetary Fund, fiscal sustainability, fiscal position, fiscal policies, public debt, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy

This paper provides a perspective on how the IMF assesses a “sound fiscal policy,” focusing principally on industrial and emerging market economies. It observes six central criteria: the short-term fi...

Controlled Capital Account Liberalization

Controlled Capital Account Liberalization »

Source: Controlled Capital Account Liberalization : A Proposal

Volume/Issue: 2005/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad , and Raghuram Rajan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451975741

Keywords: Capital account liberalization, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Reserves, Foreign exchange reserves, International finance, closed-end mutual fund, international portfolio diversification, capital account, capital outflows

In this paper, we develop a proposal for a controlled approach to capital account liberalization for economies experiencing large capital inflows. The proposal essentially involves securitizing a portion of capital...

Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia

Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia »

Source: Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia : Some Lessons from International Experience

Volume/Issue: 1998/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451968729

Keywords: Debt, Debt restructuring, Asia, Malaysia, Korea, Republic of, Indonesia, Thailand, East Asia, corporate debt, corporate restructuring

This paper summarizes some lessons from international experience for corporate debt restructuring in east Asia. Basic principles of debt restructuring are described, the experiences of Mexico, Chile, the United Kin...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Source: Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...