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APPENDIX 3. Alternative Approaches to Accounting for Risk Transfer

APPENDIX 3. Alternative Approaches to Accounting for Risk Transfer »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

When PPPs result in limited risk transfer to the government, Eurostat and a number of countries classify PPP assets as government assets. Although this is not the ideal way to proce...

Appendix 4. Calculation of the Sustainable Non-Oil Deficit

Appendix 4. Calculation of the Sustainable Non-Oil Deficit »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

The paper discusses two long-term strategies for the use of oil assets. The first is based on a fixed expenditure rule, which—together with a permanent financing condition constrain...

APPENDIX 2. Case Studies: Characteristics of Tax Amnesty Programs

APPENDIX 2. Case Studies: Characteristics of Tax Amnesty Programs »

Source: Tax Amnesties : Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Eric Le Borgne , and Katherine Baer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067363

Keywords: tax administration, tax amnesty, tax amnesties, tax evasion, tax compliance

Kentucky Michigan Ireland...

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with PPPs

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with PPPs »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

This appendix provides an overview of experiences with PPPs in Chile, Ireland, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Chile 79...

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with Scaled-Up Aid

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with Scaled-Up Aid »

Source: Fiscal Management of Scaled-Up Aid

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher , Sanjeev Gupta , Duncan Last , Gerd Schwartz , Shamsuddin Tareq , Richard Allen , and Isabell Adenauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067035

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, public expenditure, public spending, fiscal institutions

In the past, aid recipients often experienced sharp swings in aid flows. Net aid flows to Pakistan, for example, increased by a factor of 2.5 between 1997 and 2004, and nearly tripled to Ethiopia during the...

APPENDIX 2. Expenditure Efficiency—An Empirical Assessment

APPENDIX 2. Expenditure Efficiency—An Empirical Assessment »

Source: Fiscal Management of Scaled-Up Aid

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher , Sanjeev Gupta , Duncan Last , Gerd Schwartz , Shamsuddin Tareq , Richard Allen , and Isabell Adenauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067035

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, public expenditure, public spending, fiscal institutions

It will be essential for low-income countries to make efficient use of scaled-up aid to ensure sustained progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In particular, efficient spending in priority...

APPENDIX 5. International Accounting and Reporting Standards for Contingent Liabilities

APPENDIX 5. International Accounting and Reporting Standards for Contingent Liabilities »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

International Accounting Standards International accounting standards specify the treatment of guarantees and other contingent liabilities for governm...

APPENDIX 1. Ireland: How New Administrative Powers Helped Close Bogus Nonresident Accounts

APPENDIX 1. Ireland: How New Administrative Powers Helped Close Bogus Nonresident Accounts »

Source: Tax Amnesties : Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Eric Le Borgne , and Katherine Baer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067363

Keywords: tax administration, tax amnesty, tax amnesties, tax evasion, tax compliance

In 1998, a media exposé on widespread use of bogus foreign addresses by Irish bank depositors (to avoid withholding taxes on interest and reporting to the Irish Revenue) led to a major high-profile parliamen...

APPENDIX 4. Modeling and Estimating the Value of Government Guarantees in Chile

APPENDIX 4. Modeling and Estimating the Value of Government Guarantees in Chile »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

This appendix outlines the analytical approaches to modeling and estimating guarantees used in Chile and reports the results. The World Bank has provided technical assistance to the...

Appendix 1. Oil and Economic Development in Indonesia14

Appendix 1. Oil and Economic Development in Indonesia14 »

Source: Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Eric Le Borgne , Chonira Aturupane , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063082

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, gas, natural resource

Indonesia’s oil industry is one of the world’s oldest. Indonesia ranks fifteenth among world oil producers, with about 2.4 percent of world oil production. The country has a mixed e...