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Accountability Arrangements for Financial Sector Regulators

Accountability Arrangements for Financial Sector Regulators »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Michael Taylor , Marc Quintyn , and Eva Hüpkes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2007

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065239.051

ISBN: 9781589065239

Keywords: financial sector, financial institutions, financial system, financial stability, financial services, supervisory agencies, enforcement powers, supervisory authority, financial regulations, financial regulation

Policymakers are often reluctant to grant independence to the agencies that regulate and supervise the financial sector because of the fear that these agencies, with their wide-ranging responsibilities and powers,...

Can Debt Relief Boost Growth in Poor Countries?

Can Debt Relief Boost Growth in Poor Countries? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Toan Nguyen , Benedict Clements , and Rina Bhattacharya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2007

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064669.051

ISBN: 9781589064669

Keywords: debt service, external debt, debt relief, foreign debt, budget deficits, public debt, debt overhang, stock of debt, debt-service, debt burdens

The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, launched in 1999 by the IMF and the World Bank, was the first coordinated effort by the international financial community to reduce the foreign debt of the wor...

The Challenge of Predicting Economic Crises

The Challenge of Predicting Economic Crises »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Andrew Berg , and Catherine Pattillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2001

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759849.051

ISBN: 9781557759849

Keywords: early warning, warning system, early warning system, financial markets, currency crises, international reserves, international financial markets, overvaluation, financial institutions, real exchange rate overvaluation

The integration of financial markets around the world over the past decade has posed new challenges for policymakers. The speed with which money can be switched in and out of currencies and countries has increased...

Controlling Pollution
			: Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Valerie Reppelin , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2001

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060036.051

ISBN: 9781589060036

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant, pollution control, emission, greenhouse gas, tradable permit, dioxide emissions

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

Corporate Sector Restructuring
			: The Role of Government in Times of Crisis

Corporate Sector Restructuring : The Role of Government in Times of Crisis »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2004

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061996.051

ISBN: 9781589061996

Keywords: restructuring, debt restructuring, debt, asset management, loans, recapitalization, creditors, debtors, interest, corporate debt

Examines the steps involved in restructuring the corporate sector. Large-scale corporate restructuring made necessary by a financial crisis is one of the most daunting challenges faced by economic policymakers. The...

Educating Children in Poor Countries

Educating Children in Poor Countries »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Arye Hillman , and Eva Jenkner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2004

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063440.051

ISBN: 9781589063440

Keywords: primary education, primary school, schooling, school enrollment, school attendance, primary school enrollment, universal education, demand for education, gross enrollment, completion rates

In an ideal world, primary education would be universal and publicly financed, and all children would be able to attend school regardless of their parents' ability or willingness to pay. In many poor countries, how...

Financial Reform
			: What Shakes It? What Shapes It?

Financial Reform : What Shakes It? What Shapes It? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2007

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064843.051

ISBN: 9781589064843

Keywords: financial liberalization, financial reform, financial systems, banking crises

Financial sector liberalization was high on the agenda of policymakers during the last quarter of the twentieth century. But there were significant differences in the pace and scale of reform. This pamphlet examine...

Full Dollarization
			: The Pros and Cons

Full Dollarization : The Pros and Cons »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2001

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759962.051

ISBN: 9781557759962

Keywords: dollarization, currency board, domestic currency, central bank, currency boards, currency crises, currency risk, capital flows, international borrowing, foreign debt

Analyzes the costs and benefits of full dollarization, or the adoption by one country of another country's currency. Potential advantages include lower borrowing costs and deeper integration into world markets. But...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 August 2003

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061538.051

ISBN: 9781589061538

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries
			: The Role of the IMF

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries : The Role of the IMF »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Thomas Wolf , and Emine Gürgen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2001

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759634.051

ISBN: 9781557759634

Drawing on recent examples of corruptionin the Baltics and former Soviet Union, this pamphlet analyzes the links between governance and corruption, and emphasizes the high economic cost that corruption exacts. The...