No country has achieved sustained economic development without investment in education. But do all types of human capital affect growth identically? And which types of schooling—secondary or tertiary—should public policy promote? This paper develops an analytical framework to address these questions. It shows how the composition of human capital stock determines a country’s development. Hence, promoting the “wrong” type of schooling can have little effect on development. In addition, the paper helps in understanding why empirical studies have failed to find a significant relationship between schooling and growth. [JEL O11, O41, I20]
This Selected Issues paper examines the economic integration between Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and the Mainland of China. Hong Kong SAR’s economic links with the Mainland expanded rapidly in the 1980s and in the first part of the 1990s, with Hong Kong SAR becoming the most important trade and international fundraising center for the Mainland. Since Hong Kong SAR’s return to China’s sovereignty, integration between the two economies has deepened, notwithstanding the Asian crisis.