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International Monetary Fund

Threats to external stability in the pre-crisis period have now been reduced substantially and foreign non-debt creating flows have declined, sufficient to support external stability. The global economic downturn has raised challenges for evaluating the countries’ fiscal stance and fiscal policy focus should be lowering support to debt sustainability, private sector development, and the currency board stability. The two entity pension funds have been under increasing financial pressures. Putting the public pension systems on a sound footing will encompass a number of complementary steps.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Economic Issues paper for Bosnia and Herzegovina reports that output, exports, and incomes have increased and inflation has stabilized. New modern banking laws have been passed in both entities, and the banking sector has been almost completely privatized, with the majority of assets now under foreign ownership. The reforms to the central bank and to the banking system have been aimed to secure stability and to build an efficient financial system.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Economic Issues paper for Bosnia and Herzegovina reports that output, exports, and incomes have increased and inflation has stabilized. New modern banking laws have been passed in both entities, and the banking sector has been almost completely privatized, with the majority of assets now under foreign ownership. The reforms to the central bank and to the banking system have been aimed to secure stability and to build an efficient financial system.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper examines the risks and structural weaknesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The paper provides an estimate of the current account adjustment required to stabilize net foreign liabilities. It uses the external sustainability approach of the Consultative Group on Exchange Rate Issues (CGER) methodology for exchange rate assessment. The paper analyzes the impact of the newly introduced borrowing rules on the longer-term debt dynamics. An overview of salient facts about unemployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina is also presented.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper examines the risks and structural weaknesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The paper provides an estimate of the current account adjustment required to stabilize net foreign liabilities. It uses the external sustainability approach of the Consultative Group on Exchange Rate Issues (CGER) methodology for exchange rate assessment. The paper analyzes the impact of the newly introduced borrowing rules on the longer-term debt dynamics. An overview of salient facts about unemployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina is also presented.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix paper on Bosnia and Herzegovina provides background information for the 1999 Article IV Consultation with Bosnia and Herzegovina. The economy has been dominated by a small number of large state-owned enterprises. A central policy was settled during the preparation of the privatization framework under which the competence to privatize was assigned to the entities. Major tax policy reforms will be needed over the medium term to address the deficiencies of the present tax system, and to lay the foundation for long-term economic growth, driven mainly by private sector development.

International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (Bah) economy started to lose steam in early 2012 as growth slowed in Europe. Intensification of the euro area crisis further affected Bin's growth outlook. However, measures such as limiting the expenditure at the central government level and targeting overall general government spending by 1 percentage point of GDP in 2013 aim to improve the economy. Comprehensive reforms of rights-based benefits are also identified, which are imperative for both medium-term fiscal sustainability and improving the functioning of labor markets.

International Monetary Fund
The Stand-By Arrangement with Bosnia and Herzegovina was approved on May 29, 1998. Bank regulation and supervision have been strengthened over the past year, although procedures continue to fall short of best practice in some areas. The authorities have reformed the sales tax regime to equalize tax rates in the two entities, broaden and unify the base, and simplify the tax system in a broadly revenue neutral manner. IMF staff urged the authorities to accelerate the implementation of modern treasuries.
International Monetary Fund
The study focuses on corrective fiscal policies for 2000, the budgets for 2001, and the agenda for structural reform. An important issue discussed in revising the 2000 budgets was the expenditure policy required to contain spending commitments within available resources. The authorities have made some progress in the area of fiscal transparency. Despite high unemployment, major strides have been made in labor market reform, an area that has been difficult to tackle now. Progress in privatizing state-owned banks has been patchy.
International Monetary Fund
This paper assesses the extent to which data unreliability could alter the assessment of the macroeconomic challenges ahead. The contributions of the indirect tax authority (ITA) in remedying the flaws are highlighted, and the architectural agenda is discussed. Fiscal sustainability and the government’s bold initiatives to secure it by restructuring the domestic claims have been assessed and key implementation issues in realizing the government’s plans noted. A survey of selected tax policy issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina is also included in the paper.