Browse

You are looking at 1 - 9 of 9 items for :

  • Economic Issues x
Clear All
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Political leaders have so frequently cried wolf over budgetary spending that voters are skeptical about talk of budgetary crises. This is unfortunate, since deficits should arouse genuine concern, particularly as their size in some industrial countries is daunting. Yet, the absolute size of deficits is not their most alarming aspect. In fact, most countries now run much smaller deficits (as a ratio of GDP) than they did during wartime. Rather, the persistence of budgetary shortfalls during a long period of peace, when governments traditionally pay off debts and save for the future, should set the alarm bells ringing. Furthermore, projected increases in the cost of government programs, as populations age and economic growth lags, give cause for further concern.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The phenomenon of substantial peacetime budget deficits over the past20 years has been traced to the burden of entitlements, a slowdown ineconomic productivity, and demographic and macroeconomic shifts in theindustrial countries. Though smaller and structurally different, deficitsin developing countries have also become worrisome. Most economists agreethat measures to reduce government spending are imperative, particularlythrough restructuring entitlement programs.

Mr. N. A. Barr

Abstract

Examina las opciones de política a la hora de diseñar un sistema de pensiones, y en especial analiza si es aconsejable reemplazar un régimen estatal basado en el sistema de reparto por planes privados o públicos basados en la capitalización. Examina las razones de la controversia en torno al diseño de los sistemas de pensiones y analiza si el segundo nivel de dichos sistemas debería ser obligatorio, privado, basado en la capitalización y en contribuciones definidas.

Mr. N. A. Barr

Abstract

Cette brochure s'intéresse aux choix qui doivent être faits lors de la création de régimes de retraite, et en particulier à l'opportunité d'abandonner les régimes publics par répartition au profit de régimes par capitalisation, qu'ils soient privés ou publics. Elle se penche sur les raisons expliquant les controverses qui entourent l'élaboration des régimes de retraite, et sur la question de savoir si le deuxième pilier des régimes de pension doit être obligatoire, privé, financé par répartition ou par capitalisation, est fondé sur des contributions définies.

Mr. N. A. Barr

Abstract

Looks at the policy choices involved in creating pension schemes, particularly whether it is advisable to move away from government pay-as-you-go pensions toward private or publicly funded plans. Examines the reasons for the controversy surrounding pension design, and whether the second level of pension systems should be mandatory, private, funded, and defined-contribution.

Mr. N. A. Barr

Abstract

Looks at the policy choices involved in creating pension schemes, particularly whether it is advisable to move away from government pay-as-you-go pensions toward private or publicly funded plans. Examines the reasons for the controversy surrounding pension design, and whether the second level of pension systems should be mandatory, private, funded, and defined-contribution.

Mr. N. A. Barr

Abstract

All societies, in one way or another, try to meet people’s needs as they age and can no longer provide for themselves. As developing countries grow, they face difficult issues about when and how to establish pension systems that their more complex economies require. Countries currently making the transition from central planning to more market-oriented approaches confront similar decisions. And in the industrial world, long-established pension systems that have sufficed for decades are now threatened by rapidly expanding populations of pensioners with a shrinking base of productive workers to provide for them.

Mr. N. A. Barr

Abstract

Looks at the policy choices involved in creating pension schemes, particularly whether it is advisable to move away from government pay-as-you-go pensions toward private or publicly funded plans. Examines the reasons for the controversy surrounding pension design, and whether the second level of pension systems should be mandatory, private, funded, and defined-contribution.

Mr. N. A. Barr

Abstract

Looks at the policy choices involved in creating pension schemes, particularly whether it is advisable to move away from government pay-as-you-go pensions toward private or publicly funded plans. Examines the reasons for the controversy surrounding pension design, and whether the second level of pension systems should be mandatory, private, funded, and defined-contribution.