En los últimos años, el FMI ha participado activamente en iniciativas de cooperación internacional para evitar el abuso de los sistemas financieros nacionales y proteger y mejorar la integridad del sistema financiero internacional. Más allá de los esfuerzos por combatir el lavado de dinero, el FMI ha aplicado su participación también a la lucha contra el financiamiento del terrorismo. Este manual facilitará la prestación de asistencia técnica pertinente al proporcionar un compendio de materiales esenciales para los funcionarios que tienen a su cargo la redacción de leyes de represión de estas actividades de financiamiento. Se presentan las normas y obligaciones internacionales pertinentes, junto con ejemplos de la legislación vigente orientada a cumplir con dichas normas y obligaciones. Los temas tratados en este libro son relevantes para todos los países, independientemente de su situación geopolítica.
This detailed assessment report focuses on antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) for Armenia. The report reveals that Armenia’s financial system remains small and bank dominated. Total assets of the banking sector accounted for approximately 91 percent of the assets in the financial system. Most banks are domestically owned but there is a major foreign presence in the system. The nonbank financial sector plays a small role in financial intermediation.
This paper discusses major macroeconomic issues confronting Cambodia. The report also discusses recent growth performance of the economy and presents recently updated national accounts estimates. Revenue mobilization remains a key objective since, despite recent significant improvements, revenue performance is still low by international standards. The costs and benefits of a high degree of dollarization are briefly discussed. Export performance and trade policy are also reviewed. Maintaining export growth will depend on maintaining Cambodia's commitment to an open trade and exchange system.
The cool, logical thinking of economics would at first glance seem as far removed from the hot emotions of hatred and racism as it can get. But think again. According to Professor Edward Glaeser of Harvard University, politicians often decide to spread hate-creating stories about a group they wish to exclude from state spending in order to discredit opponents whose policies would benefit that group. According to this logic, egalitarians may foment hatred against rich minorities, whereas redistribution opponents may seek to build hatred against poor minorities. Glaeser, who presented his thoughts at a recent IMF seminar, even thinks that economics can help explain hatred of blacks in the U.S. South, the genocide of Jews, and the recent surge of anti-Americanism in the Arab world. “An economic model of hatred can use the economic focus on incentives and equilibrium to create predictions about where we should expect to see outbreaks of hatred,” he writes.
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
This paper provides a summary of the anti-money laundering/combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) measures in place in Italy and of the level of compliance with the Financial Action Task Force 40 (FATF 40) recommendations and the level of effectiveness, and contains recommendations on how the AML/CFT system could be strengthened. The assessment is based on the information available at the time of the mission from January 14–30, 2015, and other verifiable information subsequently provided by the authorities. It was conducted using the 2013 assessment methodology. The Detailed Assessment Report on which this document is based was adopted by the FATF Plenary on October 22, 2015.
This paper discusses key findings of the Detailed Assessment on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) for the Republic of Latvia. The assessment reveals that aspects of Latvia’s financial services market expose it to a high risk of money laundering. There are welcome indications that money laundering risks have been reduced substantially owing to strong preventive measures being implemented by the authorities and financial institutions. The authorities and financial institutions are working to restore the international reputation of the Latvian financial sector.
This report assesses the Observance of Standards and Codes on the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) in Chile. Banking secrecy provisions continue to limit the ability of Chile to investigate and disclose potential money laundering offences and, thereby, to provide effective international cooperation through the financial intelligence unit. Provisions are available for mutual legal assistance but they are cumbersome. The expanded AML/CFT regime introduced by Law 19.913 is too recent to permit any conclusions about the effectiveness of its implementation.
• China has undertaken a number of initiatives since 2002 that have contributed positively to its understanding of ML/TF risk, although some important gaps remain. Its framework for domestic AML/CFT cooperation and coordination is well established.
• China’s decentralized financial intelligence unit (FIU) arrangement consisting of China Anti-Money Laundering Monitoring and Analysis Center (CAMLMAC), Anti-Money Laundering Bureau (AMLB), and 36 People’s Bank of China (PBC) provincial branches has high potential to produce financial intelligence that supports the operational needs of competent authorities, but its current functioning results in incomplete access by all parts of the FIU to all data, fragmented analysis and disseminations, and limits the development of a holistic view. Therefore, major improvements are needed.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This paper sets out the findings and recommendations made in the context of the 2016 Financial Sector Assessment Program for the United Kingdom in the areas of Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT). Since the 2011 FSAP, steps have been taken to strengthen the AML/CFT regime. Although significant progress has been made since the United Kingdom’s 2007 mutual evaluation against the previous Financial Action Task Force standard, the authorities are now in the process of bringing their AML/CFT framework in line with the prevailing standard, which was revised in 2012. The United Kingdom has recently adopted a comprehensive reform package to enhance entity transparency.