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International Monetary Fund

The three-year arrangement under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) that was approved by the Executive Board of the IMF in March 1998 in support of Cote d'lvoire's adjustment efforts went off track after the first year. In the cocoa and coffee sectors, the measures that were supposed to accompany the liberalization process, such as the strengthening of producer organizations and the rehabilitation of rural infrastructure, were not fully implemented. Executive Directors welcomed the conclusion of discussions on a Staff-Monitored Program (SMP).

Charlotte J. Lundgren
Cette étude analyse l’impact de la politique salariale de la fonction publique au Bénin sur la viabilité des finances publiques et de la dette à moyen et long terme. Elle aboutit principalement à la conclusion suivante : si la masse salariale continue d’augmenter au même rythme que par le passé récent, elle compromettra la viabilité des finances publiques et de la dette à moyen et long terme en générant des déficits excessifs ou en évinçant l’investissement public générateur de croissance. L’étude montre qu’une politique financière guidée par des objectifs de maintien de la viabilité de la dette, tenant compte de la croissance démographique et axée sur les Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement, ne laissera que peu d’espace pour une hausse des salaires dans la fonction publique. Maîtriser l’augmentation de la masse salariale pour préserver la viabilité budgétaire n’est qu’une première étape dans l’objectif plus large des autorités de réforme de la fonction publique.
Olivier Lambert and Elizabeth Littlefield

Recovery from the deepest recession in 60 years has started. But sustaining it will require delicate rebalancing acts, both within and across countries. IMF chief economist Olivier Blanchard writes in our lead article that the turnaround will not be simple. The crisis has left deep scars that will affect both supply and demand for many years to come. This issue of F&D also looks at what’s next in the global crisis and beyond. We look at ways of unwinding crisis support, the shape of growth worldwide after the crisis, ways of rebuilding the financial architecture, and the future of reserve currencies. Jeffrey Frankel examines what’s in and what’s out in global money, while a team from the IMF’s Research Department looks at what early warning systems can be expected to deliver in spotting future problems. In our regular People in Economics profile, we speak to Nobel prize winner Daniel Kahneman, whose work led to the creation of the field of behavioral economics, and our Picture This feature gives a timeline of how the Bank of England’s policy rate has fallen to its lowest level in 300 years. Back to Basics gives a primer on monetary policy, and Data Spotlight looks at how the crisis has affected the eastern European banking system.

International Monetary Fund

This paper reviews the performance of Guinea-Bissau Under the program supported by Emergency Post-Conflict Assistance (EPCA). Guinea-Bissau has made progress in stabilizing its fiscal situation under difficult circumstances and is moving steadily to implement structural reforms. Four of the six end-March quantitative indicators were met; the other two are expected to be met for the year as a whole. All structural indicators were implemented, albeit with some delay. The authorities recognize the importance of accelerating structural fiscal reforms to further build capacity and improve confidence in the economy.