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International Monetary Fund

This paper discusses a request from Angola for a Stand-By-Arrangement (SBA). The requested SBA aims to support orderly policy adjustments to restore macroeconomic balances and rebuild international reserves. This program also includes a focused reform agenda aimed at medium-term structural issues on which long-term non-oil sector growth will ultimately depend. IMF staff and the authorities have agreed that, while the policy mix should consider all possible instruments geared toward achieving these objectives, fiscal policy should play the lead role in the policy package.

International Monetary Fund

The Executive Board of the IMF has completed the fifth review of Angola’s economic performance under a program supported by the Stand-By Arrangement. The Board’s decision enables the immediate disbursement of an amount equal to SDR 85.9 million, bringing total disbursements under the arrangement with Angola to an amount equal to SDR 773.01 million. The Angolan authorities should be commended for strong performance under the IMF-supported stabilization and reform program. The sustained fiscal adjustment, helped by higher oil prices, has fostered reserve accumulation, a stable exchange rate, and declining inflation.

International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the 2007 Article IV Consultation on Angola highlights economic performance, macroeconomic stability, and fiscal policy. Growth in the medium term will rely increasingly on the non-oil sector, where reforms to promote private sector development will be critical to offset a potential loss in competitiveness from an appreciating real exchange rate. A key challenge is to ensure that political pressure to scale up public spending does not undermine macroeconomic stability. Lower output growth and oil revenues than envisaged in the baseline scenario could jeopardize public and external debt sustainability.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses a request from Angola for a Stand-By-Arrangement (SBA). The requested SBA aims to support orderly policy adjustments to restore macroeconomic balances and rebuild international reserves. This program also includes a focused reform agenda aimed at medium-term structural issues on which long-term non-oil sector growth will ultimately depend. IMF staff and the authorities have agreed that, while the policy mix should consider all possible instruments geared toward achieving these objectives, fiscal policy should play the lead role in the policy package.
International Monetary Fund
Angola’s economy was badly buffeted by the sharp drop in global oil prices. Policy discussions for the review focused on the 2011 budget, the handling of the arrears problem, monetary and exchange rate policies, and key elements of the authorities’ administrative and policy reform agenda. Angolan banks have not been severely impaired by the financial instability of the past two years, and the sector maintains an adequate capital buffer. Four elements—public financial management, tax reform, improving the business environment, and transparency and safeguards issues—are discussed.

Abstract

The IMF has been a major participant in the challenge of transforming many African, Asian, and European countries from centrally planned to market economies. The authors of this book, mainly staff members of the IMF, have distilled their firsthand experience with fiscal reform in transition economies into 15 case studies of these countries. In doing so they analyze issues of privatization, fiscal federalism, social safety nets, and the net worth of the Soviet Union. The editor of the volume is Vito Tanzi, Director of the IMF's Fiscal Affairs Department.