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International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Abstract

Prosigue la lenta recuperación de la economía mundial tras la crisis financiera mundial, aunque ahora el ímpetu de crecimiento gira en torno a las economías avanzadas. En la edición de abril de 2014 del informe WEO se examinan las causas e implicaciones de tendencias recientes, como la mayor volatilidad financiera en las economías de mercados emergentes, una inflación inferior a lo previsto en las economías avanzadas y el repliegue de las políticas monetarias acomodaticias. Se analizan las prioridades de política para las economías avanzadas y las economías de mercados emergentes. El informe incluye un capítulo en el que se estudian las causas del descenso mundial de las tasas de interés desde los años ochenta y otro en el que se examinan los factores detrás de las fluctuaciones del crecimiento en las economías de mercados emergentes, incluido el papel desempeñado por China.

International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Abstract

L'économie mondiale poursuit son lent redressement à la suite de la crise financière mondiale, mais les pays avancés sont à présent le principal moteur de la croissance. L'édition d'avril 2014 des Perspectives de l'économie mondiale examine les causes et les implications des tendances récentes, dont la volatilité financière accrue dans les pays émergents, une inflation inférieure aux attentes dans les pays avancés, et le retrait de la politique monétaire accommodante. Elles s'intéresse aux priorités de politique économique des pays avancés et des pays émergents en développement. Le rapport comporte un chapitre analysant les causes de la baisse mondiale des taux d'intérêt réels depuis les années 80, ainsi qu'un chapitre abordant les facteurs à l'origine des fluctuations de la croissance dans les pays émergents, dont le rôle de la Chine.

International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Abstract

Global activity has broadly strengthened and is expected to improve further in 2014–15, according to the April 2014 WEO, with much of the impetus for growth coming from advanced economies. Although downside risks have diminished overall, lower-than-expected inflation poses risks for advanced economies, there is increased financial volatility in emerging market economies, and increases in the cost of capital will likely dampen investment and weigh on growth. Advanced economy policymakers need to avoid a premature withdrawal of monetary accommodation. Emerging market economy policymakers must adopt measures to changing fundamentals, facilitate external adjustment, further monetary policy tightening, and carry out structural reforms. The report includes a chapter that analyzes the causes of worldwide decreases in real interest rates since the 1980s and concludes that global rates can be expected to rise in the medium term, but only moderately. Another chapter examines factors behind the fluctuations in emerging market economies’ growth and concludes that strong growth in China played a key role in buffering the effects of the global financial crisis in these economies.

International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Abstract

Global activity has broadly strengthened and is expected to improve further in 2014–15, according to the April 2014 WEO, with much of the impetus for growth coming from advanced economies. Although downside risks have diminished overall, lower-than-expected inflation poses risks for advanced economies, there is increased financial volatility in emerging market economies, and increases in the cost of capital will likely dampen investment and weigh on growth. Advanced economy policymakers need to avoid a premature withdrawal of monetary accommodation. Emerging market economy policymakers must adopt measures to changing fundamentals, facilitate external adjustment, further monetary policy tightening, and carry out structural reforms. The report includes a chapter that analyzes the causes of worldwide decreases in real interest rates since the 1980s and concludes that global rates can be expected to rise in the medium term, but only moderately. Another chapter examines factors behind the fluctuations in emerging market economies’ growth and concludes that strong growth in China played a key role in buffering the effects of the global financial crisis in these economies.

International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Abstract

The world economy continues its slow recovery from the global financial crisis, but the main impetus for growth now lies with the advanced economies. The April 2014 WEO examines the causes and implications of recent trends, including increased financial volatility in emerging market economies, lower-than-expected inflation in advanced economies, and the withdrawal of monetary accommodation. It examines the policy priorities for both advanced economies and emerging market developing economies. The report includes a chapter that analyzes the causes of worldwide decreases in real interest rates since the 1980s and another chapter that examines factors behind the fluctuations in emerging market economies’ growth, including the role of China.

International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Abstract

The world economy continues its slow recovery from the global financial crisis, but the main impetus for growth now lies with the advanced economies. The April 2014 WEO examines the causes and implications of recent trends, including increased financial volatility in emerging market economies, lower-than-expected inflation in advanced economies, and the withdrawal of monetary accommodation. It examines the policy priorities for both advanced economies and emerging market developing economies. The report includes a chapter that analyzes the causes of worldwide decreases in real interest rates since the 1980s and another chapter that examines factors behind the fluctuations in emerging market economies’ growth, including the role of China.