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Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows--Some New Evidence

Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows--Some New Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2004/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498330282.007

ISBN: 9781498330282

Keywords: Economic models, Exchange rate variability, International trade, Real effective exchange rates, Nominal effective exchange rate, International monetary system, Exchange rate shocks, Flexible exchange rates, volatility, country group

...

Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows--Some New Evidence

Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows--Some New Evidence »

Source: Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows--Some New Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2004/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2004

ISBN: 9781498330282

Keywords: Economic models, Exchange rate variability, International trade, Real effective exchange rates, Nominal effective exchange rate, International monetary system, Exchange rate shocks, Flexible exchange rates, volatility, country group

...

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2015/16

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mario Mansour , Pritha Mitra , Carlo Sdralevich , and Andrew Jewell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2015

Language: Arabic

ISBN: 9781513552255

Keywords: Resource Revenues, Excise, Value-Added Tax, Equity, tax, taxes, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other

Fairness - and what governments can do about it - is at the forefront of economic and social debate all over the world. In MENA, this has been at the core of recent political transitions but has not been adequately...

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2015/16

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mario Mansour , Pritha Mitra , Carlo Sdralevich , and Andrew Jewell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2015

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513555515

Keywords: Resource Revenues, Excise, Value-Added Tax, Equity, tax, taxes, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other

Fairness - and what governments can do about it - is at the forefront of economic and social debate all over the world. In MENA, this has been at the core of recent political transitions but has not been adequately...

Review of the Fund's Strategy on Overdue Financial Obligations

Review of the Fund's Strategy on Overdue Financial Obligations »

Volume/Issue: 2007/030

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498333429.007

ISBN: 9781498333429

Keywords: Fund policies, Rights accumulation program, Civil service reform, Flexible exchange rates, International reserves, External debt, Current account deficits, Overdue Financial Obligation, arrears, GRA

This paper provides an annual review of progress under the Fund's strengthened cooperative strategy on overdue financial obligations and proposes to extend the availability of the rights approach by another year, t...

Review of the Fund's Strategy on Overdue Financial Obligations

Review of the Fund's Strategy on Overdue Financial Obligations »

Volume/Issue: 2008/049

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498334334.007

ISBN: 9781498334334

Keywords: General Resources Account, Overdue obligations, Overdue valuation adjustments, Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, SDR interest rates, Social safety nets, Suspension of use of SDRs, Government finance statistics, Exchange rate unification, PP

This paper reviews progress under the Fund's strengthened cooperative strategy on overdue financial obligations. Total arrears to the Fund declined by SDR 552 million since the last review, owing largely to the cle...

Syrian Arab Republic
			: Selected Issues

Syrian Arab Republic : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2006/295

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451836301.002

ISBN: 9781451836301

Keywords: budget, revenues, budget balance, deficit, debt

Syria faces two interrelated medium-term challenges posed by the prospective decline in its oil reserves. The recently approved five-year plan (FYP) laid down a comprehensive strategy to address these challenges. S...

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2015/16

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mario Mansour , Pritha Mitra , Carlo Sdralevich , and Andrew Jewell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2015

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552255.006

ISBN: 9781513552255

Keywords: Resource Revenues, Excise, Value-Added Tax, Equity, tax, taxes, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other

Fairness - and what governments can do about it - is at the forefront of economic and social debate all over the world. In MENA, this has been at the core of recent political transitions but has not been adequately...

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2015/16

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mario Mansour , Pritha Mitra , Carlo Sdralevich , and Andrew Jewell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2015

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513555515.006

ISBN: 9781513555515

Keywords: Resource Revenues, Excise, Value-Added Tax, Equity, tax, taxes, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other

Fairness - and what governments can do about it - is at the forefront of economic and social debate all over the world. In MENA, this has been at the core of recent political transitions but has not been adequately...

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2014/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Maria Albino-War , Svetlana Cerovic , Francesco Grigoli , Juan Flores , Javier Kapsoli , Haonan Qu , Yahia Said , Bahrom Shukurov , Martin Sommer , and SeokHyun Yoon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2014

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314954.006

ISBN: 9781498314954

Keywords: Public investment, Middle East and Central Asia, North Africa, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Expenditure efficiency, Infrastructure, Transportation, Oil exporting countries, Public investment efficiency, natural resources

Over the past decade, rising oil prices have translated into high levels of public investment in most MENA and CCA oil exporters. This has prompted questions about the efficiency of public investment in generating...