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The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries

The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries »

Source: The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Bernardin Akitoby , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451874433

Keywords: Wagner&;amp;#x2019;s law, government spending, public spending, public finance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

We examine the short- and long-term movements of government spending relative to output in 51 countries. We find that in the short term, the main components of government spending increase with output in about half...

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Volume/Issue: 2006/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862768

Keywords: spreads, bond, bonds, fiscal adjustment, fiscal adjustments, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

This paper introduces fiscal policy in a model of sovereign risk spreads ("spreads"). Using panel data from emerging market countries, we find that reductions in public expenditure are a more powerful tool for redu...

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers? »

Source: How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

Volume/Issue: 2011/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ethan Ilzetzki , Enrique Mendoza , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218028

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fiscal multipliers, government expenditure

We contribute to the intense debate on the real effects of fiscal stimuli by showing that the impact of government expenditure shocks depends crucially on key country characteristics, such as the level of developme...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Improving Large Taxpayers' Compliance : A Review of Country Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Olivier Benon , Katherine Baer , and Juan Toro R.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061187

Keywords: Taxes, Taxation, tax administration, large taxpayers, tax collection, tax administrations, taxpayer compliance

Objectives of the Study Many tax administrations have established special systems to monitor their large taxpayers. In the 1950s and 1960s, several countries in the Organization for...

II Basic Characteristics of LTUs in Developing and Transition Countries

II Basic Characteristics of LTUs in Developing and Transition Countries »

Source: Improving Large Taxpayers' Compliance : A Review of Country Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Olivier Benon , Katherine Baer , and Juan Toro R.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061187

Keywords: Taxes, Taxation, tax administration, large taxpayers, tax collection, tax administrations, taxpayer compliance

This section summarizes country responses to the LTU survey in several areas, ranging from a country’s main reason for establishing the LTU to the LTU’s organization and functions. The discussion of differen...

III Review of LTU Performance

III Review of LTU Performance »

Source: Improving Large Taxpayers' Compliance : A Review of Country Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Olivier Benon , Katherine Baer , and Juan Toro R.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061187

Keywords: Taxes, Taxation, tax administration, large taxpayers, tax collection, tax administrations, taxpayer compliance

This section reviews the performance of LTUs in selected countries in five regions (central and eastern Europe; the Baltics and the CIS; Africa; Asia and the Pacific; and Latin America). The effectiveness of...

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2006/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862768.001

ISBN: 9781451862768

Keywords: spreads, bond, bonds, fiscal adjustment, fiscal adjustments, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

This paper introduces fiscal policy in a model of sovereign risk spreads ("spreads"). Using panel data from emerging market countries, we find that reductions in public expenditure are a more powerful tool for redu...

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ethan Ilzetzki , Enrique Mendoza , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455218028.001

ISBN: 9781455218028

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fiscal multipliers, government expenditure

We contribute to the intense debate on the real effects of fiscal stimuli by showing that the impact of government expenditure shocks depends crucially on key country characteristics, such as the level of developme...

Is Social Spending Procyclical?

Is Social Spending Procyclical? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Alejandro Hajdenberg , and Javier Arze del Granado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209347.001

ISBN: 9781455209347

Keywords: social spending, expenditures, health expenditures, public expenditures, total expenditures,

This paper studies the cyclical behavior of public spending on health and education in 150 countries during 1987 - 2007. It finds that spending on education and health is procyclical in developing countries and acy...

The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries

The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2004/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Bernardin Akitoby , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874433.001

ISBN: 9781451874433

Keywords: Wagner&;amp;#x2019;s law, government spending, public spending, public finance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

We examine the short- and long-term movements of government spending relative to output in 51 countries. We find that in the short term, the main components of government spending increase with output in about half...