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CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

Four years after the onset of the global financial crisis, low-income countries (LICs), especially those that have benefited from high commodity prices, have begun to register stron...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

The Discipline-Enhancing Role of Fiscal Institutions

The Discipline-Enhancing Role of Fiscal Institutions »

Source: The Discipline-Enhancing Role of Fiscal Institutions : Theory and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2007/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Debrun , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867350

Keywords: Deficit bias, credibility, accountability, voters, fiscal institutions, fiscal rule, Accountablility,

This paper discusses the role of fiscal institutions, including budget rules and non-partisan agencies, in enhancing fiscal discipline. A dynamic model of fiscal policy shows that optimal institutions lack credibil...

Districting and Government Overspending

Districting and Government Overspending »

Source: Districting and Government Overspending

Volume/Issue: 2001/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reza Baqir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851915

Keywords: fiscal institutions, electoral systems, comparative politics, city council, government expenditures, city government, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, State and Local Budget and Expenditures,

The common-pool problem is a central issue in the relationship between the political structure of jurisdictions and the size of public spending. Models predict that, other things being equal, greater political dist...

Electoral System and Public Spending

Electoral System and Public Spending »

Source: Electoral System and Public Spending

Volume/Issue: 2001/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roberto Perotti , Massimo Rostagno , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451843972

Keywords: electoral rules, proportionality, public spending, transfers, electoral system, electoral systems, voter, voting, government spending, Structure

We study the effects of electoral institutions on the size and composition of public expenditure in OECD and Latin American countries. We present a model emphasizing the distinction between purchases of goods and s...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Fiscal Policy over the Election Cycle in Low-Income Countries1

Fiscal Policy over the Election Cycle in Low-Income Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Policy over the Election Cycle in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Dilan Ölcer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

ISBN: 9781475588514

Keywords: Elections, IMF programs, tax revenues, national fiscal rules, fiscal policy, fiscal rule, Economic Models of Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior,

Focusing on Low-Income Countries, we investigate the behavior of fiscal variables during and after elections. The results indicate that during election years, government consumption significantly increases and lead...

IMF Executive Board Discusses the IMF’s Communication Strategy

IMF Executive Board Discusses the IMF’s Communication Strategy »

Source: Review of the IMF's Communications Strategy

Volume/Issue: 2014/037

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498343152

Keywords: Products, Transparency, Economic conditions, Regional economics, Economic policy, communication strategy, IMF, COM, CSOs, medium engagement

The framework guiding the IMF's communications-established by the Executive Board in 2007-has enabled the institution to respond flexibly to the changing global context. The framework is based on four guiding princ...