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The African Continental Free Trade Area: Potential Economic Impact and Challenges

The African Continental Free Trade Area: Potential Economic Impact and Challenges »

Source: The African Continental Free Trade Area: Potential Economic Impact and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2020/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Lisandro Abrego , Mario de Zamaroczy , Tunc Gursoy , Garth Nicholls , Hector Perez-Saiz , and Jose-Nicolas Rosas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2020

ISBN: 9781513542379

Keywords: General equilibrium models, Trade barriers, Structural adjustment, Welfare, Forecasting models, Trade negotiations, Economic integration, Open economies, International trade agreements, Trade finance

Political momentum towards Africa-wide free trade has been intensifying. In March 2018, over 40 countries signed the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement. Once fully implemented, the AfCFTA is exp...

The African Continental Free Trade Area: Potential Economic Impact and Challenges

The African Continental Free Trade Area: Potential Economic Impact and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2020/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Lisandro Abrego , Mario de Zamaroczy , Tunc Gursoy , Garth Nicholls , Hector Perez-Saiz , and Jose-Nicolas Rosas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513542379.006

ISBN: 9781513542379

Keywords: General equilibrium models, Trade barriers, Structural adjustment, Welfare, Forecasting models, Trade negotiations, Economic integration, Open economies, International trade agreements, Trade finance

Political momentum towards Africa-wide free trade has been intensifying. In March 2018, over 40 countries signed the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement. Once fully implemented, the AfCFTA is exp...

Women in the Labor Force
			: The Role of Fiscal Policies

Women in the Labor Force : The Role of Fiscal Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2020/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Anna Fruttero , Daniel Gurara , Lisa Kolovich , Vivian Malta , Marina Mendes Tavares , Nino Tchelishvili , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513529134.006

ISBN: 9781513529134

Keywords: Gender, Labor force policy, Gender equality, Fiscal policy, Labor productivity, Poverty, Poverty and inequality, General equilibrium models, Labor force participation, Labor market policy

Despite the increase in female labor force participation over the past three decades, women still do not have the same opportunities as men to participate in economic activities in most countries. The average femal...

Women in the Labor Force

Women in the Labor Force »

Source: Women in the Labor Force : The Role of Fiscal Policies

Volume/Issue: 2020/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Anna Fruttero , Daniel Gurara , Lisa Kolovich , Vivian Malta , Marina Mendes Tavares , Nino Tchelishvili , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513529134

Keywords: Gender, Labor force policy, Gender equality, Fiscal policy, Labor productivity, Poverty, Poverty and inequality, General equilibrium models, Labor force participation, Labor market policy

Despite the increase in female labor force participation over the past three decades, women still do not have the same opportunities as men to participate in economic activities in most countries. The average femal...

Discerning Good from Bad Credit Booms

Discerning Good from Bad Credit Booms »

Source: Discerning Good from Bad Credit Booms : The Role of Construction

Volume/Issue: 2020/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Ehsan Ebrahimy , Deniz Igan , and Damien Puy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513529370

Keywords: Financial crisis, Bank credit, Credit booms, Employment, Real sector, Financial statistics, Financial crises, Total factor productivity, Credit boom, Value added

Credit booms are a focal point for policymakers and scholars of financial crises. Yet our understanding of how the real sector behaves during booms, and why some booms may go bad, is limited. Despite a large and gr...

Discerning Good from Bad Credit Booms
			: The Role of Construction

Discerning Good from Bad Credit Booms : The Role of Construction »

Volume/Issue: 2020/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Ehsan Ebrahimy , Deniz Igan , and Damien Puy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513529370.006

ISBN: 9781513529370

Keywords: Financial crisis, Bank credit, Credit booms, Employment, Real sector, Financial statistics, Financial crises, Total factor productivity, Credit boom, Value added

Credit booms are a focal point for policymakers and scholars of financial crises. Yet our understanding of how the real sector behaves during booms, and why some booms may go bad, is limited. Despite a large and gr...

Finance and Inequality1

Finance and Inequality1 »

Source: Finance and Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2020/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526546

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial systems, Financial services, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial institutions, SDN, inequality, Sahay, high inequality, financial service

The study examines empirical relationships between income inequality and three features of finance: depth (financial sector size relative to the economy), inclusion (access to and use of financial services by indiv...

Finance and Inequality

Finance and Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2020/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526546.006

ISBN: 9781513526546

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial systems, Financial services, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial institutions, SDN, inequality, Sahay, high inequality, financial service

The study examines empirical relationships between income inequality and three features of finance: depth (financial sector size relative to the economy), inclusion (access to and use of financial services by indiv...

The Political Costs of Reforms
			: Fear or Reality?

The Political Costs of Reforms : Fear or Reality? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Jun Ge , Jonathan Ostry , Chris Papageorgiou , and Gabriele Ciminelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513517155.006

ISBN: 9781513517155

Many countries are experiencing persistent, weak medium-term growth and limited fiscal space. Against this background, economic policy agendas-in both advanced and developing economies-are focusing increasingly on...

The Political Costs of Reforms: Fear or Reality?1

The Political Costs of Reforms: Fear or Reality?1 »

Source: The Political Costs of Reforms : Fear or Reality?

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Jun Ge , Jonathan Ostry , Chris Papageorgiou , and Gabriele Ciminelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513517155

Many countries are experiencing persistent, weak medium-term growth and limited fiscal space. Against this background, economic policy agendas-in both advanced and developing economies-are focusing increasingly on...