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Accounting for Cloud Computing in the National Accounts1

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Accounting for Cloud Computing in the National Accounts1 »

Source: Accounting for Cloud Computing in the National Accounts

Volume/Issue: 2020/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Baer , Kwangwon Lee , and James Tebrake

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550459

Keywords: Business services, Public services, Government services, Gross capital formation, Price indexes, cloud computing, information and communication technology, national accounts, WP, cloud compute

Digitalization and the innovative use of digital technologies is changing the way we work, learn, communicate, buy and sell products. One emerging digital technology of growing importance is cloud computing. More a...

COVID-19 and Emerging Markets: An Epidemiological Model with International Production Networks and Capital Flows*

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COVID-19 and Emerging Markets: An Epidemiological Model with International Production Networks and Capital Flows* »

Source: COVID-19 and Emerging Markets: An Epidemiological Model with International Production Networks and Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2020/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cem Cakmakli , Selva Demiralp , Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan , Sevcan Yesiltas , and Muhammed Yildirim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550183

Keywords: Economic conditions, Economic models, Financial crises, Supply and demand, Economic policy, COVID-19, Debt Monetisation, External Finance, SIR, Input-Output Tables

We quantify the macroeconomic effects of COVID-19 for a small open economy by calibrating a SIR-multi-sector-macro model. We measure sectoral supply shocks utilizing teleworking and physical job proximity, and dema...

The Effectiveness of Borrower-Based Macroprudential Measures: A Quantitative Analysis for Slovakia

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The Effectiveness of Borrower-Based Macroprudential Measures: A Quantitative Analysis for Slovakia »

Source: The Effectiveness of Borrower-Based Macroprudential Measures: A Quantitative Analysis for Slovakia

Volume/Issue: 2020/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pavol Jur?a , Ján Klacso , Eugen Tereanu , Marco Forletta , and Marco Gross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550503

Keywords: Financial crises, Interest rates on loans, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Interest rates, Cost of living, Borrower-based macroprudential policy, household micro data, macro-financial linkages, WP, PDs

We develop a semi-structural quantitative framework that combines micro and macroeconomic data to assess the effectiveness of combinations of borrower-based macroprudential measures in Slovakia. We expand on the in...

Accounting for Cloud Computing in the National Accounts

New
Accounting for Cloud Computing in the National Accounts »

Volume/Issue: 2020/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Baer , Kwangwon Lee , and James Tebrake

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550459.001

ISBN: 9781513550459

Keywords: Business services, Public services, Government services, Gross capital formation, Price indexes, cloud computing, information and communication technology, national accounts, WP, cloud compute

Digitalization and the innovative use of digital technologies is changing the way we work, learn, communicate, buy and sell products. One emerging digital technology of growing importance is cloud computing. More a...

COVID-19 and Emerging Markets: An Epidemiological Model with International Production Networks and Capital Flows

New
COVID-19 and Emerging Markets: An Epidemiological Model with International Production Networks and Capital Flows »

Volume/Issue: 2020/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cem Cakmakli , Selva Demiralp , Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan , Sevcan Yesiltas , and Muhammed Yildirim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550183.001

ISBN: 9781513550183

Keywords: Economic conditions, Economic models, Financial crises, Supply and demand, Economic policy, COVID-19, Debt Monetisation, External Finance, SIR, Input-Output Tables

We quantify the macroeconomic effects of COVID-19 for a small open economy by calibrating a SIR-multi-sector-macro model. We measure sectoral supply shocks utilizing teleworking and physical job proximity, and dema...

International Trade and Corporate Market Power

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International Trade and Corporate Market Power »

Volume/Issue: 2020/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , and Yuanchen Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550473.001

ISBN: 9781513550473

Keywords: Real sector, Economic policy, Economic reforms, Patterns of trade, Bilateral trade, Commodity trade, competition, developing countries, emerging markets, international trade

This paper examines the effect of international trade on corporate market power in emerging market economies and developing countries, with a special focus on sub-Saharan Africa. The analysis is based on a large fi...

Measuring Social Unrest Using Media Reports

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Measuring Social Unrest Using Media Reports »

Volume/Issue: 2020/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Barrett , Maximiliano Appendino , Kate Nguyen , and Jorge de Leon Miranda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550275.001

ISBN: 9781513550275

Keywords: Economic policy, Economic growth, Social indicators, Economic analysis, Economic theory, Social Unrest, Protest, Media, WP, Arab uprising

We present a new index of social unrest based on counts of relevant media reports. The index consists of individual monthly time series for 130 countries, available with almost no lag, and can be easily and transp...

Patterns in Invoicing Currency in Global Trade

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Patterns in Invoicing Currency in Global Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2020/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Boz , Camila Casas , Georgios Georgiadis , Gita Gopinath , Helena Le Mezo , Arnaud Mehl , and Tra Nguyen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550435.001

ISBN: 9781513550435

Keywords: International monetary system, Exchange rate policy, Balance of payments, Economic policy, Central banks, invoicing currency of trade, dominant currency paradigm, exchange rate pass-through, WP, share of export

This paper presents the most comprehensive and up-to-date panel data set of invoicing currencies in global trade. It provides data on the shares of exports and imports invoiced in US dollars, euros, and other curre...

Public Sector Balance Sheet Database: Overview and Guide for Compilers and Users

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Public Sector Balance Sheet Database: Overview and Guide for Compilers and Users »

Volume/Issue: 2020/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Alves , Sage De Clerck , and Juliana Gamboa-Arbelaez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550466.001

ISBN: 9781513550466

Keywords: External sector, Financial crises, Financial statements, Economic conditions, Central banking and monetary issues, Assets, balance sheet, converting financial statements, liabilities, mineral and energy resources

This paper provides an overview of the Public Sector Balance Sheet (PSBS) Database, a dataset developed in the context of the October 2018 Fiscal Monitor. The dataset provides a comprehensive picture of public weal...

Remittances in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia: the Gravity Model

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Remittances in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia: the Gravity Model »

Volume/Issue: 2020/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550206.001

ISBN: 9781513550206

Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Oil exporting countries, Inward remittances, Outward remittances, Exchange rate depreciation, international remittances, migration, gravity model, WP, receive country

Remitances are an important source of external financing in low- and middle-income countries. This paper uses the gravity model to analyze remittance flows in Russia and Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries. S...