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Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance, and Firm Heterogeneity

Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance, and Firm Heterogeneity »

Volume/Issue: 2012/297

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar , and Benjamin D. Nelson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574081.001

ISBN: 9781475574081

Keywords: Gravity models, multilateral resistance, firm heterogeneity, trade costs, trade flows, changes in trade, bilateral trade, exporter, and Firm Heterogeneity, firm heterogeneity.

We present a gravity model that accounts for multilateral resistance, firm heterogeneity and country-selection into trade, while accommodating asymmetries in trade flows. A new equation for the proportion of export...

Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance, and Firm Heterogeneity

Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance, and Firm Heterogeneity »

Source: Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance, and Firm Heterogeneity

Volume/Issue: 2012/297

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar , and Benjamin D. Nelson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475574081

Keywords: Gravity models, multilateral resistance, firm heterogeneity, trade costs, trade flows, changes in trade, bilateral trade, exporter, and Firm Heterogeneity, firm heterogeneity.

We present a gravity model that accounts for multilateral resistance, firm heterogeneity and country-selection into trade, while accommodating asymmetries in trade flows. A new equation for the proportion of export...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

In recent decades many countries have dismantled trade barriers and opened their economies to international competition. Trade liberalization is seen to promote econ...

II Potential Revenue Implications of Trade Reform

II Potential Revenue Implications of Trade Reform »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

Economists often rank trade liberalization reforms by order of importance, giving highest priority to the reduction or removal of quantitative restrictions and other non tariff barriers to trade...

III Analysis of Trade Liberalization and Revenue Developments

III Analysis of Trade Liberalization and Revenue Developments »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

This section considers the interplay between trade liberalization and revenue from international trade taxes in recent decades. The intent is to review what has actually occurred, in order to ga...

IV Conclusions

IV Conclusions »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

The association between trade liberalization and economic growth underscores the importance of ensuring that fiscal considerations do not constrain the pace of trade reform. This study has exami...

Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758132.084

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

The apparent contradiction between trade liberalization and continuing high trade tax revenue raises the important question of how, precisely, the one affects the other. Although policymakers generally recognize th...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

The apparent contradiction between trade liberalization and continuing high trade tax revenue raises the important question of how, precisely, the one affects the other. Although policymakers generally recognize th...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

The apparent contradiction between trade liberalization and continuing high trade tax revenue raises the important question of how, precisely, the one affects the other. Although policymakers generally recognize th...

The Changing Role of Export Credit Agencies

The Changing Role of Export Credit Agencies »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758019.071

ISBN: 9781557758019

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, exporter, exporters, debt

Export credit agencies play an important role in international trade and investment flows. Exports insured or financed by the approximately 50 export credit agencies that are members of the Berne Union account for...