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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and the Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program

Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program »

Volume/Issue: 2020/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Fruttero , Alexandre Ribeiro Leichsenring , and Luis Henrique Paiva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513547701.001

ISBN: 9781513547701

Keywords: Labor supply, Labor markets, Human capital, Labor force participation, Nonmetropolitan areas, Anti Poverty, Poverty, Welfare, Well Being, Informality

Employment is key to combating poverty. Thus, detractors of social assistance programs argue that they create disincentives to work. While there is substantial evidence showing limited effects of these programs on...

Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program

Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program »

Source: Social Programs and Formal Employment: Evidence from the Brazilian Bolsa Família Program

Volume/Issue: 2020/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Fruttero , Alexandre Ribeiro Leichsenring , and Luis Henrique Paiva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2020

ISBN: 9781513547701

Keywords: Labor supply, Labor markets, Human capital, Labor force participation, Nonmetropolitan areas, Anti Poverty, Poverty, Welfare, Well Being, Informality

Employment is key to combating poverty. Thus, detractors of social assistance programs argue that they create disincentives to work. While there is substantial evidence showing limited effects of these programs on...

FX Intervention to Stabilize or Manipulate the Exchange Rate? Inference from Profitability

FX Intervention to Stabilize or Manipulate the Exchange Rate? Inference from Profitability »

Source: FX Intervention to Stabilize or Manipulate the Exchange Rate? Inference from Profitability

Volume/Issue: 2020/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2020

ISBN: 9781513547664

Keywords: Central banks, Exchange markets, Exchange rate markets, Exchange rate determination, Exchange rate forecasting, FX intervention, profitability, exchange rate, WP, BRL

We analyze the profitability of FX swaps used by the central bank of Brazil to shed light on the rationale for FX intervention. We find that swaps are profitable in expectation, suggesting that FX intervention is u...

FX Intervention to Stabilize or Manipulate the Exchange Rate? Inference from Profitability

FX Intervention to Stabilize or Manipulate the Exchange Rate? Inference from Profitability »

Volume/Issue: 2020/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513547664.001

ISBN: 9781513547664

Keywords: Central banks, Exchange markets, Exchange rate markets, Exchange rate determination, Exchange rate forecasting, FX intervention, profitability, exchange rate, WP, BRL

We analyze the profitability of FX swaps used by the central bank of Brazil to shed light on the rationale for FX intervention. We find that swaps are profitable in expectation, suggesting that FX intervention is u...

Why Did Public Banks Lend More During the Global Financial Crisis?

Why Did Public Banks Lend More During the Global Financial Crisis? »

Volume/Issue: 2020/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Bosshardt , and Eugenio Cerutti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513546049.001

ISBN: 9781513546049

Keywords: Central banks, Financial crises, Banking systems, Commercial banks, Bank capital, state-owned banks, lending, global financial crisis, WP, public bank

During the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), state-owned or public banks lent relatively more than domestic private banks in many countries. However, data limitations have hindered a thorough assessment of what led pu...

Why Did Public Banks Lend More During the Global Financial Crisis?1

Why Did Public Banks Lend More During the Global Financial Crisis?1 »

Source: Why Did Public Banks Lend More During the Global Financial Crisis?

Volume/Issue: 2020/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Bosshardt , and Eugenio Cerutti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2020

ISBN: 9781513546049

Keywords: Central banks, Financial crises, Banking systems, Commercial banks, Bank capital, state-owned banks, lending, global financial crisis, WP, public bank

During the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), state-owned or public banks lent relatively more than domestic private banks in many countries. However, data limitations have hindered a thorough assessment of what led pu...

Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation?

Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation? »

Source: Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation?

Volume/Issue: 2019/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valentina Flamini , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513509358

Keywords: Economic growth, Supply and demand, Public expenditures and education, Capital expenditure, Public expenditures and health, SDGs, development, fiscal policy, public spending, Brazil

Following a benchmarking exercise, we estimate the spending required to reach satisfactory progress in the Sustainable Development Goals in the health, education, and infrastructure sectors in Brazil. We find that...

Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation?

Doing More with Less: How Can Brazil Foster Development While Pursuing Fiscal Consolidation? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valentina Flamini , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513509358.001

ISBN: 9781513509358

Keywords: Economic growth, Supply and demand, Public expenditures and education, Capital expenditure, Public expenditures and health, SDGs, development, fiscal policy, public spending, Brazil

Following a benchmarking exercise, we estimate the spending required to reach satisfactory progress in the Sustainable Development Goals in the health, education, and infrastructure sectors in Brazil. We find that...

Brazil

Brazil »

Source: Brazil : Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening the Framework for Subnational Borrowing

Volume/Issue: 2019/302

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513514710

Keywords: Economic conditions, Fiscal indicators, Economic growth, Financial indicators, Fiscal policy, ISCR, CR, subnational, FRL, FRR

This Technical Assistance report on Brazil highlights strengthening the framework for substantial borrowing. A significant change in the institutional framework is needed to impose hard budget constraints and promo...

Brazil
			: Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening the Framework for Subnational Borrowing

Brazil : Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening the Framework for Subnational Borrowing »

Volume/Issue: 2019/302

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514710.002

ISBN: 9781513514710

Keywords: Economic conditions, Fiscal indicators, Economic growth, Financial indicators, Fiscal policy, ISCR, CR, subnational, FRL, FRR

This Technical Assistance report on Brazil highlights strengthening the framework for substantial borrowing. A significant change in the institutional framework is needed to impose hard budget constraints and promo...