Rachel F Wang, Mr. Timothy C Irwin, and Lewis K Murara
Although there are several measures of fiscal transparency, none provides satisfactory
information on certain issues of macroeconomic relevance, including whether fiscal data
are available for all of general government, whether the government reports a balance
sheet, and whether spending and revenue are reported on a cash or accrual basis. Drawing
on government finance statistics reported to the IMF, this paper presents a new database
of fiscal transparency for 186 countries in 2003–13 and derives from it indices of the
overall comprehensiveness of fiscal statistics as well as specific indices of the coverage of
public institutions, fiscal flows, and fiscal stocks, respectively. It finds evidence of gradual
improvement, most notably in the coverage of institutions, but most countries’ reporting
remains far from comprehensive
Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV consultation, prepared by a staff team of the IMF, following discussions that ended on October 2, with the officials of Croatia on economic developments and policies. Based on information available at the time of these discussions, the staff report was completed on October 23. The views expressed in the staff report are those of the staff team and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Executive Board of the IMF.
This 2010 Article IV Consultation highlights that the authorities’ adjustment program has contributed to limiting the fallout of the global crisis on Serbia. Although the output slump has been limited relative to regional peers, the decline in domestic demand has been significant, resulting in a strong external adjustment. The outlook for 2010 points to a slow but balanced recovery. The pickup in growth will likely be moderate, reflecting slow trading-partner recovery, protracted corporate deleveraging, nominal freezes in public wages and pensions, and lagging labor market adjustment.
In December 2008, the IMF Executive Board discussed the Seventh Review of Data Standards Initiatives, and Directors requested staff to return to the Board within about a year with a proposal for the inclusion of selected financial indicators in the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS). This paper responds to the 2008 request taking into account recent developments.
The recent financial crisis has heightened the need for policymakers, financial regulators and capital market participants to put in place conditions that would help prevent the occurrence of similar crises in the future. One of the areas identified by the international community as key in crises prevention is the availability of timely and more detailed financial data that could provide early warning signals of impending risks and vulnerabilities
This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that following a period of rapid growth, economic activity in the Slovak Republic tumbled in the first half of 2009 as a result of the global crisis. Slovakia’s banks have so far withstood the global crisis relatively well. Executive Directors have encouraged the authorities to formulate and announce a credible medium-term fiscal consolidation strategy, aimed at bringing down the general government deficit to within the Maastricht norm in a timely manner. Directors have also emphasized that external competitiveness will require sustained structural reforms and wage discipline.
The Czech Republic’s strong fundamentals helped to sustain economic growth with low unemployment and underpin strides toward convergence with EU-15. Executive Directors welcomed the euro accession strategy and the sustained implementation of the Maastricht criteria, which would provide a solid foundation for euro adoption. They commended the sound financial system and prudent monetary policies and supported policy tightening to counter rising inflation pressures. Directors highlighted the need to sustain fiscal consolidation, promote labor participation, and lower structural unemployment in alleviating fiscal adjustment.
This 2006 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic performance of the Czech Republic strengthened during 2005–06, supported by the expanding capacity of the export-oriented automotive sector and a cyclical recovery in the European Union. The momentum of growth has been underpinned by strong productivity gains, leading to a surge in exports and further investment in the tradable goods sector. The koruna strengthened, helping to keep inflation down. Growth is projected to remain robust in 2007–08, although its momentum will slow as the effects of the recent export capacity expansion unwind.
This report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC)—data module—provides an assessment of the Slovak Republic’s macroeconomic statistics against the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), complemented by an assessment of data quality based on the IMF’s Data Quality Assessment Framework. The assessment reveals that statistical agencies in the Slovak Republic generally have a legal and institutional framework that supports statistical quality, although the formal legal mandate to disseminate statistics should be made explicit. Resources are generally adequate for existing statistical programs.