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Ms. Froukelien Wendt, Peter Katz, and Alice Zanza
The key objective of this note is to support authorities in their decision making about the optimal organization of central securities depositories (CSDs) in their country. For the purpose of this note, a CSD is defined as an entity that provides securities accounts, a securities settlement system, and central safekeeping services to market participants, which can be banks and other financial institutions. Authorities in developing markets, in particular central banks, may grapple with two questions: (1) whether to pursue a single CSD to increase market efficiencies and benefit from economies of scale and scope and (2) whether to partake in the governance of the CSD as owner or operator. This note presents seven considerations for authorities to take into account when answering these questions and determining the best model for their country.
International Monetary Fund
This Technical Note provides an analysis of the evolution of the observance of the International Organization of Securities Comteams (IOSCO) objectives and principles of securities by the Lithuania Securities Commission (LSC). The analysis focuses on the Core Principles for which there have been changes in observance since the IOSCO Detailed Assessment was carried out in the framework of the Lithuania Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) in 2001. The analysis is presented principle by principle or for a group of principles depending on the nature of the findings by comparison with the Detailed Assessment of 2001.
Niamh Sheridan, Mr. Alfred Schipke, Ms. Susan M George, and Mr. Christian H. Beddies


In just over a decade after independence, the three Baltic countries, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, have transformed themselves into fully functioning, small open-market economies that will be joining the European Union. Capital Markets and Financial Intermediation in The Baltics analyzes the financial systems of the three countries and discusses some of their unique characteristics. The study also examines current distortions of the systems and discusses whether or not the Baltics should move from an almost exclusively bank-based system to one that relies more on capital markets. In the process, it addresses issues of corporate governance and regional integration.