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Mr. Ashoka Mody and Mr. Abdul d Abiad

Abstract

Financial sector liberalization was high on the agenda of policymakers during the last quarter of the twentieth century. But there were significant differences in the pace and scale of reform. This pamphlet examines the factors triggering-or impeding and even reversing-financial reform in 35 economies, both industrial and developing.

Mr. Gian M Milesi-Ferretti, Ms. Enrica Detragiache, Mr. A. J. Tweedie, Mr. Michael Mussa, Mr. Barry J. Eichengreen, and Mr. Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Abstract

This paper addresses the potential gains and risks of open capital markets by first looking at what classical economic theory suggests aboutthe benefits of capital mobility and then examining the counterargumentsarising from problems of incomplete information and other distortions.It shows that the risks of removing controls on flows of capital acrossnational borders are similar to those associated with removing controlson domestic financial institutions. The paper then explores how to manageliberalization to minimize the risks and maximize the benefits.

Mr. Marc G Quintyn and Mr. Michael W Taylor

Abstract

In nearly every major financial crisis of the past decade-from East Asia to Russia, Turkey, and Latin America-political interference in financial sector regulation helped make a bad situation worse. Political pressures not only weakened financial regulation, but also hindered regulators and supervisors from taking action against troubled banks. This paper investigates why, to fulfill their mandate to preserve financial sector stability, financial sector regulators and supervisors need to be independent-from the financial services industry as well as from the government-as well as accountable.

Mr. Marc G Quintyn and Mr. Michael W Taylor

Abstract

En casi todas las grandes crisis financieras de la última década --desde Asia oriental a Rusia, Turquía y América Latina-- la interferencia política en la regulación del sector financiero contribuyó a agravar una situación ya de por sí mala. Las presiones políticas no solo debilitaron la regulación financiera sino que también impidieron que los órganos reguladores y supervisores tomaran medidas contra los bancos en problemas. En este estudio se investiga por qué, para cumplir con su mandato de preservar la estabilidad del sector financiero, los reguladores y supervisores del sector financiero tienen que ser independientes --de la industria de servicios financieros, así como del gobierno-- a la vez que deben rendir cuentas.

Mr. Marc G Quintyn and Mr. Michael W Taylor

Abstract

L'ingérence des responsables politiques dans la réglementation et le contrôle du secteur financier a aggravé la quasi-totalité des crises financières majeures de la dernière décennie, de l'Asie de l'Est, à la Russie, en passant par la Turquie et l'Amérique latine. Outre qu'elles affaiblissent la réglementation financière en général, les pressions politiques nuisent au travail des responsables de la réglementation et du contrôle chargés d'intervenir auprès des banques en difficulté. Cette brochure examine les raisons pour lesquelles les régulateurs financiers devraient pouvoir compter sur un large degré d'indépendance, non seulement vis-à-vis de l'État, mais aussi vis-à-vis des sociétés de services financiers, afin de s'acquitter de leur mandat qui est de préserver la stabilité du secteur financier.

Mr. Marc G Quintyn and Mr. Michael W Taylor

Abstract

In nearly every major financial crisis of the past decade-from East Asia to Russia, Turkey, and Latin America-political interference in financial sector regulation helped make a bad situation worse. Political pressures not only weakened financial regulation, but also hindered regulators and supervisors from taking action against troubled banks. This paper investigates why, to fulfill their mandate to preserve financial sector stability, financial sector regulators and supervisors need to be independent-from the financial services industry as well as from the government-as well as accountable.

Mr. Marc G Quintyn and Mr. Michael W Taylor

Abstract

In nearly every major financial crisis of the past decade-from East Asia to Russia, Turkey, and Latin America-political interference in financial sector regulation helped make a bad situation worse. Political pressures not only weakened financial regulation, but also hindered regulators and supervisors from taking action against troubled banks. This paper investigates why, to fulfill their mandate to preserve financial sector stability, financial sector regulators and supervisors need to be independent-from the financial services industry as well as from the government-as well as accountable.

Mr. Marc G Quintyn and Mr. Michael W Taylor

Abstract

In nearly every major financial crisis of the past decade-from East Asia to Russia, Turkey, and Latin America-political interference in financial sector regulation helped make a bad situation worse. Political pressures not only weakened financial regulation, but also hindered regulators and supervisors from taking action against troubled banks. This paper investigates why, to fulfill their mandate to preserve financial sector stability, financial sector regulators and supervisors need to be independent-from the financial services industry as well as from the government-as well as accountable.

Mr. Steven T Phillips and Mr. Timothy D. Lane

Abstract

Examines the issue of moral hazard inrelation to IMF loans to countries in financial difficulties. Concerns about moral hazard have had a prominent place in recent discussions on how the architecture of the international financial system should be reformed and what the IMF’s role should be.

Mr. Steven T Phillips and Mr. Timothy D. Lane

Abstract

Examines the issue of moral hazard inrelation to IMF loans to countries in financial difficulties. Concerns about moral hazard have had a prominent place in recent discussions on how the architecture of the international financial system should be reformed and what the IMF’s role should be.