This paper examines the development of the business model thus far and considers options for the future. The development of San Marino’s financial system over the past two decades is outlined. San Marino’s financial sector focuses on services to its residents and the residents of its large neighbor. San Marino’s competitiveness is assessed on the basis of real exchange rates. The importance of a strong relationship with Italy may also require San Marino to take more initiatives to amend its position and acquire new skills.
This 2004 Article IV Consultation for San Marino reports that the economy has slowed considerably since 2000 with the fading of key competitive advantages that had contributed to past rapid development. To restore a positive net asset position and the ability to buffer adverse external shocks, the authorities aim at maintaining the budget in balance or in surplus over the medium term while preserving tax rate advantages. To sustain fiscal consolidation with unchanged or lower tax rates, remaining tax administration problems need to be addressed and generous entitlement programs reformed.
This paper reviews economic developments in San Marino during 1990–94. The country came through the 1992–93 European recession virtually unscathed and took full advantage of the following recovery. Like surrounding areas of Italy, Sammarinese manufacturing and tourism sectors benefited from the depreciation of the lira after September 1992. In addition, the financial sector boomed as political turmoil in Italy caused large capital inflows. In this environment, the unemployment rate—already well below the European average—dropped to 3.8 percent in December 1995.