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Mr. Alun H. Thomas
Recent micro level data from East Africa is used to benchmark aggregate data and assess the role of agricultural inputs in explaining variation in crop yields on smallholding plots. Fertilizer, improved seeds, protection against erosion and pesticides improve crop yields in Rwanda and Ethiopia, but not Uganda, possibly associated with lack of use there. With all positive yield determinants in place, wheat and maize yields could increase fourfold. The data hints at the negative effect of climate change on yields and the benefits of accompanying measures to mitigate its adverse impact (access to finance and protection against erosion). The adverse effect of crop damage on yields varies between 12/13 percent (Rwanda, Uganda) to 36 percent (Ethiopia). Protection against erosion and investment financing mitigate these effects considerably.
Jorge Alvarez and Claudia Berg
A large share of cross-country differences in productivity is explained by differences in agricultural productivity. Using a combination of sub-national agricultural statistics and geospatial datasets on crop-specific potential yields, we study the main drivers of this variation from a macroeconomic perspective. We find that differences in geographically-induced crop-specific comparative advantages can explain a substantial share of the variation in yields across the world. Data reveal substantial gaps between potential and observed yields in most countries. When decomposing these within country gaps, we find that crop selection gaps are on average larger than those induced by input usage alone. The results highlight the importance of understanding the interaction of geography and crop selection drivers in assessing aggregate agricultural productivity differences.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
In this study, the following are listed: GDP by sector and expenditure, gross industrial output by sector, employment by sector, industrial employment by sector, indicators of hidden unemployment, selected labor market indicators, unemployment rate by regions, consumer price inflation and CPI weights, industrial producer prices, wages, pensions and per capita income, federal government budget execution, regional and local government operations, extrabudgetary fund operations, monetary surveys, balance of payment projections, origin of imports, composition of merchandise imports, foreign currency disbursements to the federal government, and nonsovereign/sector financial account.
International Monetary Fund
In this study, the following are listed in detail: gross domestic product by expenditure and by sector and ownership at current prices and at constant prices, consumer price inflation, gross value of agricultural production at constant prices, production of food staples, industrial crop production by sector ownership at constant prices, population and employment, summary of general government budgetary, revenues and expenditures, monetary survey, distribution of credit, balance of payments, merchandise export and import by commodity, summary of normal tariff schedule, and tax system.
International Monetary Fund
The report provides the details of the projections and estimates of Mauritania's gross domestic product by activity at current prices, 1992–2005 and at 1998 prices, 1993–2005; iron ore production, exports and stocks, consolidated government operations and revenue, 1994–2005; consumption of petroleum products, 1995–2005; monetary survey, foreign assets and liabilities of the banking system, assets and liabilities of the central bank and commercial banks, exports and imports, external publicly guaranteed debt outstanding and debt services, income and transfers, foreign trade indices, SNIM operating accounts and balance sheet, supply of cereals, etc.
International Monetary Fund
This Annual Progress Report reviews Mozambique’s Economic and Social Plan for 2004. The report states that in 2004, public sector reforms were continued and consolidated. There was notable growth in social and economic infrastructure. The government was able to honor its budget execution commitments, channelling more resources into sectors prioritized in the Program for the Reduction of Absolute Poverty (PARPA) and keeping budget execution rates within the limits set in the budgetary legislation.