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Explaining the Shadow Economy in Europe: Size, Causes and Policy Options

Explaining the Shadow Economy in Europe: Size, Causes and Policy Options »

Source: Explaining the Shadow Economy in Europe: Size, Causes and Policy Options

Volume/Issue: 2019/2019

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ben Kelmanson , Koralai Kirabaeva , Leandro Medina , Borislava Mircheva , and Jason Weiss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2019

ISBN: 9781513520698

Keywords: Shadow economy, Labor market reforms, Labor force participation, Labor market regulations, Labor market policy, informal economy, WP, government effectiveness, percent of GDP, formal sector

This paper examines the drivers, and reestimates the size of shadow economies in Europe, with a focus on the emerging economies, and recommends policies to increase formality. The size of shadow economies declined...

Explaining the Shadow Economy in Europe: Size, Causes and Policy Options

Explaining the Shadow Economy in Europe: Size, Causes and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2019/2019

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ben Kelmanson , Koralai Kirabaeva , Leandro Medina , Borislava Mircheva , and Jason Weiss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513520698.001

ISBN: 9781513520698

Keywords: Shadow economy, Labor market reforms, Labor force participation, Labor market regulations, Labor market policy, informal economy, WP, government effectiveness, percent of GDP, formal sector

This paper examines the drivers, and reestimates the size of shadow economies in Europe, with a focus on the emerging economies, and recommends policies to increase formality. The size of shadow economies declined...

Governance and State-Owned Enterprises: How Costly is Corruption?1

Governance and State-Owned Enterprises: How Costly is Corruption?1 »

Source: Governance and State-Owned Enterprises: How Costly is Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 2019/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anja Baum , Clay Hackney , Paulo Medas , and Mouhamadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513519296

Keywords: Economic policy, Economic growth, Financial indicators, Economic indicators, Public sector, State-owned enterprises, firm performance, corruption, governance reforms, WP

State-owned enterprises (SOEs) are present in key sectors of the economies around the world. While they can provide an important public service, there is widespread concern that their activities are negatively affe...

Governance and State-Owned Enterprises: How Costly is Corruption?

Governance and State-Owned Enterprises: How Costly is Corruption? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anja Baum , Clay Hackney , Paulo Medas , and Mouhamadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519296.001

ISBN: 9781513519296

Keywords: Economic policy, Economic growth, Financial indicators, Economic indicators, Public sector, State-owned enterprises, firm performance, corruption, governance reforms, WP

State-owned enterprises (SOEs) are present in key sectors of the economies around the world. While they can provide an important public service, there is widespread concern that their activities are negatively affe...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Implementation of a New Reserve Requirement Framework

Volume/Issue: 2019/316

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513517469

Keywords: Central banking and monetary issues, Financial institutions, Central banks, Reserve requirements, Monetary policy instruments, ISCR, CR, excess reserve, reserve requirement, remuneration

Since 2014, the CBBH has been exposed to a negative spread on the reinvestment of the reserve requirements. Until 2014, the CBBH remunerated reserve requirements on the basis of the returns achieved on their reinve...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
			: Technical Assistance Report-Implementation of a New Reserve Requirement Framework

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Implementation of a New Reserve Requirement Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2019/316

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2019

Language: Bosnian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513517711.002

ISBN: 9781513517711

Since 2014, the CBBH has been exposed to a negative spread on the reinvestment of the reserve requirements. Until 2014, the CBBH remunerated reserve requirements on the basis of the returns achieved on their reinve...

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Technical Assistance Report-Implementation of a New Reserve Requirement Framework

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Technical Assistance Report-Implementation of a New Reserve Requirement Framework »

Source: Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Implementation of a New Reserve Requirement Framework

Volume/Issue: 2019/316

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2019

Language: Bosnian

ISBN: 9781513517711

Since 2014, the CBBH has been exposed to a negative spread on the reinvestment of the reserve requirements. Until 2014, the CBBH remunerated reserve requirements on the basis of the returns achieved on their reinve...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
			: Technical Assistance Report-Implementation of a New Reserve Requirement Framework

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Technical Assistance Report-Implementation of a New Reserve Requirement Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2019/316

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513517469.002

ISBN: 9781513517469

Keywords: Central banking and monetary issues, Financial institutions, Central banks, Reserve requirements, Monetary policy instruments, ISCR, CR, excess reserve, reserve requirement, remuneration

Since 2014, the CBBH has been exposed to a negative spread on the reinvestment of the reserve requirements. Until 2014, the CBBH remunerated reserve requirements on the basis of the returns achieved on their reinve...

State-Owned Enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Assessing Performance and Oversight

State-Owned Enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Assessing Performance and Oversight »

Volume/Issue: 2019/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bobana Cegar , and Francisco Parodi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513512181.001

ISBN: 9781513512181

Keywords: Economic reforms, Social safety nets, Financial indicators, Financial statements, Fiscal policy, State-Owned Enterprises, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Financial Performance, SOE Governance, WP

Based on a new database of State-Owned Enterprise (SOE) financial statements, we find that SOEs in Bosnia and Herzegovina are mostly in poor financial shape. We estimate the overall size and composition of the SOE...

State-Owned Enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Assessing Performance and Oversight

State-Owned Enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Assessing Performance and Oversight »

Source: State-Owned Enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Assessing Performance and Oversight

Volume/Issue: 2019/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bobana Cegar , and Francisco Parodi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513512181

Keywords: Economic reforms, Social safety nets, Financial indicators, Financial statements, Fiscal policy, State-Owned Enterprises, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Financial Performance, SOE Governance, WP

Based on a new database of State-Owned Enterprise (SOE) financial statements, we find that SOEs in Bosnia and Herzegovina are mostly in poor financial shape. We estimate the overall size and composition of the SOE...