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International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
This technical assistance report on the Republic of Kosovo presents details of residential property price index (RPPI) mission. The authorities are strongly committed to developing a publicly available RPPI for Kosovo. Transactions data from real-estate companies should be used for the development of the RPPI. The mission assessed the advantages and disadvantages of each available data source. A large real estate company has agreed to provide a dataset to the Kosovo Agency of Statistics (KAS). Pro Real Estate accounts for approximately 60 percent of the residential property market in Kosovo. The KAS should assess the quality of the data and its suitability for use in the compilation of the RPPI. The mission described the practical aspects of assessing the suitability and quality of the dataset. The KAS should assess whether it needs to supplement the data with information from other real estate companies to increase the geographical coverage. The mission increased capacity and knowledge the KAS staff on the methods for RPPI compilation. The main topics covered in the meetings included data visualization, assessing data quality, stratification, weights, subindex calculation and aggregation to high-level indices.
International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

A technical assistance (TA) mission was conducted from June 5 to June 9, 2023, to assist the Kosovo Agency of Statistics (KAS) with the initial stages of the development of a Residential Property Price Index (RPPI). This was the first mission to Kosovo dedicated to the RPPI. The mission completed the following tasks: (i) examined all potential data sources (ii) contributed to capacity building by providing training on RPPI compilation (iii) agreed next steps for the development of the RPPI and (iv) assessed the required resources for RPPI development.

Michelle Stone, Sage De Clerck, Yasemin Hurcan, Taz Chaponda, Willie Du Preez, and Thomas Ekeli
Kosovo is working to improve its public investment management to support future economic growth and improvements in wellbeing. This assessment applies the IMF Public Investment Management Assessment (PIMA) framework, including the Climate-PIMA module. It finds that there have been improvements in Kosovo’s public investment management institutions since the original 2015 PIMA assessment. Nonetheless, there is room to continue to strengthen public investment management institutions and their climate sensitivity in Kosovo
International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
This paper highlights the details of the technical assistance (TA) report on Public Investment Management Assessment (PIMA) Update and Climate PIMA in the Republic of Kosovo. Public investment in Kosovo occurs in a fiscal environment where the general government deficit and debt is generally well contained. The overall strength of Kosovo’s public investment management institutions has increased—though the design of these institutions is stronger than their effectiveness in practice. The failure to undertake robust and consistent feasibility studies prior to project initiation is a key weakness, leading to delays and problems in project execution. In the implementation phase, design is stronger than performance, in part due to implications of weaknesses early in the planning stage. Like most other countries, Kosovo is at an early stage of incorporating climate aspects into public investment management. Dedicated effort and leadership from the Ministry of Finance, Labor and Transfers and the Ministry for Environment, Spatial Planning and Infrastructure will be key to boosting infrastructure outcomes.
International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Kosovo is rightly working to improve its public investment management to support future economic growth and improvements in wellbeing. This assessment applies the IMF Public Investment Management Assessment (PIMA) framework, including the Climate-PIMA module. It finds that there have been improvements in Kosovo’s public investment management institutions since the original 2015 PIMA assessment—but the design of these institutions is stronger than their effectiveness in practice. Continued reforms are needed to strengthen the project appraisal process, improve the pace of project implementation, and increase central support for major projects. Like most other countries, Kosovo is at an early stage of incorporating climate aspects into public investment management. Strengthening the alignment between climate goals and sectoral infrastructure planning and delivery will be needed to ensure that infrastructure investments are resilient and assist Kosovo in meeting is climate objectives.

International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
This paper presents Republic of Kosovo’s First Reviews Under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) and the Arrangement under the Resilience and Sustainability Facility (RSF) and Request for Modification of Reform Measure. The authorities are making very good progress in implementing their policy agenda under the Fund-supported arrangements. The SBA continues to provide a key policy anchor, and the RSF continues to support Kosovo’s climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts including by catalyzing additional climate financing. Program ownership remains strong. All quantitative performance criteria and indicative targets have been met. Structural benchmarks under the SBA and reform measures under the RSF have been implemented. Actions required for subsequent reviews are progressing as expected or have been strengthened. The RSF is laying the foundations for greener and more efficient energy markets and supporting reforms in other areas. The RSF increased the policy space to strengthen the regulatory framework to attract private investment into renewable energy, improve energy market functioning, expand green electricity generation, reduce air pollution and emissions, strengthen energy security, improve the targeting of energy subsidies, and increase preparedness for the implementation of carbon pricing.
International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

1. Energy and food prices have dropped substantially from 2022 peaks and supply chains have normalized, but the cost of borrowing is increasing. The decrease in commodity prices is a boon for Kosovo, a net importer of food and energy. While activity in countries where the Kosovar diaspora resides has slowed (e.g., Germany, Switzerland), the post-pandemic mobility normalization continues to drive tourism flows up. On the downside, the ECB’s policy tightening is filtering through to bank lending rates in Kosovo’s unilaterally-euroized economy.