International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
The implementation of a twin peaks model represents a significant change to the South African financial supervisory architecture. The Prudential Authority (PA), operating within the administration of the South African Reserve Bank (SARB), is responsible for promoting and enhancing the safety and soundness of financial institutions that provide financial products and securities services. A separate authority, the Financial Sector Conduct Authority2 (FSCA), is responsible for market conduct regulation and supervision. The introduction of the twin peaks architecture was motivated by a need to increase the robustness of the financial sector regulatory and supervisory system, reinforce financial stability, improve protection of customers, and enhance cooperation among the regulators.
Mark Adams, Hanife Yesim Aydin, Hee Kyong Chon, Anastasiia Morozova, and Ebru S Iskender
This paper highlights the distinct challenges and suggests practical solutions to the effective regulation, supervision, and crisis management for public banks. It acknowledges that public banks exist for variety of reasons (legacy, ideology, public policy) and will likely remain a feature of financial systems in a number of countries. On this basis, it provides advice on how to best incorporate public banks in the regulatory paradigm commensurate with their risk profiles.