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1. Facing Spillovers from Trade and Manufacturing

1. Facing Spillovers from Trade and Manufacturing »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Figure 1.1. Global Trade and Manufacturing Sources: IMF, Global Data Source; and IMF...

Finance & Development, March 2020

Finance & Development, March 2020 »

Volume/Issue: 57/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528830.022

ISBN: 9781513528830

Keywords: Population, Economic growth, Women, Demographic transition, Labor markets, FD, F&D, working-age, fertility, advanced economy

This issue of Finance & Development discusses link between demographics and economic well-being. In the coming decades, demographics is expected to be more favorable to economic well-being in the less developed reg...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Gender Equality and Electoral Violence in Africa: Unlocking the Peacemaking Potential of Women

Gender Equality and Electoral Violence in Africa: Unlocking the Peacemaking Potential of Women »

Source: Gender Equality and Electoral Violence in Africa: Unlocking the Peacemaking Potential of Women

Volume/Issue: 2019/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rasmané Ouedraogo , and Idrissa Ouedraogo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

ISBN: 9781513510545

Keywords: Labor force participation, Demographic indicators, Nonmetropolitan areas, Labor force, Poverty, gender equality, electoral violence, Africa, female-to-male, structural violence

We examine the impact of gender equality on electoral violence in Africa using micro-level data from the sixth round of Afrobarometer surveys. The sample covers 30 countries. We find that gender equality is associa...

Getting Older but not Poorer

Getting Older but not Poorer »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2020

Volume/Issue: 57/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513528830

Keywords: Population, Economic growth, Women, Demographic transition, Labor markets, FD, F&D, working-age, fertility, advanced economy

This issue of Finance & Development discusses link between demographics and economic well-being. In the coming decades, demographics is expected to be more favorable to economic well-being in the less developed reg...

I Introduction and Some Conclusions1

I Introduction and Some Conclusions1 »

Source: International Comparisons of Government Expenditure

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1982

ISBN: 9781557750747

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, capital expenditure

Many studies on international tax comparisons have been undertaken since the early 1970s. 2 While controversial, such studies have facilitated more...

II Conceptual Issues

II Conceptual Issues »

Source: International Comparisons of Government Expenditure

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1982

ISBN: 9781557750747

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, capital expenditure

One can make hypotheses about the identity of the factors that are likely to influence spending in a given functional sector, and the significance of such factors can be empirically...

III Determinants of Shares in Gross Domestic Product of Functional Expenditure Categories

III Determinants of Shares in Gross Domestic Product of Functional Expenditure Categories »

Source: International Comparisons of Government Expenditure

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1982

ISBN: 9781557750747

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, capital expenditure

Introduction This section discusses the specification of the equations to predict the shares in GDP of each category of functional expenditure. The econometric results appear in Tabl...

Demographic Headwinds in Central and Eastern Europe

Demographic Headwinds in Central and Eastern Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2019/12

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Cristina Batog , Ernesto Crivelli , Anna Ilyina , Zoltan Jakab , Jaewoo Lee , Anvar Musayev , Iva Petrova , Alasdair Scott , Anna Shabunina , Andreas Tudyka , Xin Cindy Xu , and Ruifeng Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498319768.087

ISBN: 9781498319768

Keywords: Central and Eastern Europe, Demographic indicators, Emigration and immigration (Economic Aspects), Labor productivity, Labor supply, Total factor productivity, Age-related spending, National income, Labor market reforms, Demographic changes

The populations of Central and Eastern European (CESEE) countries-with the exception of Turkey-are expected to decrease significantly over the next 30 years, driven by low or negative net birth rates and outward mi...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498331319.007

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...