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I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Fiscal Policy : Issues During the Transition in Russia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sergei Alexashenko , and Augusto López-Claros

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757036

Keywords: pension, pensions, subsidies, expenditure, expenditures

Since 1992, the Russian Federation has moved away from a command economy and has laid the foundation of a market-based system. This paper examines some of the key policy issues that arose in the fiscal area...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Policy Experiences and Issues in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Daniel Citrin , and Ashok Lahiri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

ISBN: 9781557755186

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, money stock, monetary policy, central bank

Daniel A. Citrin 1 The emergence in late 1991 of 15 independent states from the territory of the former U.S.S.R. presented polic...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Since 1991, the 15 countries under review—the Baltic countries, Russia, and the other countries of the Former Soviet Union—have, to varying degrees, been pursuing reforms whose broad objectives have been to...

II Current Account Developments

II Current Account Developments »

Source: Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

Current account developments in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union since independence are covered comprehensively in Kapur and van der Mensbrugghe (1997)....

II. Macroeconomic Imbalances and Three Systemic Shocks

II. Macroeconomic Imbalances and Three Systemic Shocks »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Balance of payments difficulties did not begin with the demise of central planning, the disintegration of the U.S.S.R., and the abolition of the CMEA trade and payments arrangements. The external situation h...

II Monetary Operations and Government Securities Markets

II Monetary Operations and Government Securities Markets »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Recent Developments Under the umbrella of central bank laws enacted since 1992, most central banks of the Baltic countries, Russia, and the other countries of the former Soviet Union...

II The Context for the Implementation of Fiscal Policy

II The Context for the Implementation of Fiscal Policy »

Source: Fiscal Policy : Issues During the Transition in Russia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sergei Alexashenko , and Augusto López-Claros

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757036

Keywords: pension, pensions, subsidies, expenditure, expenditures

The chief characteristics of a centrally planned economy began to emerge in the Soviet Union toward the end of the 1920s and early 1930s and eventually consisted of state ownership of the means of production...

II The Decline in Output

II The Decline in Output »

Source: Policy Experiences and Issues in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Daniel Citrin , and Ashok Lahiri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

ISBN: 9781557755186

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, money stock, monetary policy, central bank

Jonathan Anderson, Daniel A. Citrin, Ashok K. Lahiri The poor and deteriorating growth performance of the economy of the U.S.S.R. from the mid-1970s to late 1980s was a major...

III. Balance of Payments Developments

III. Balance of Payments Developments »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

External developments in recent years can be illustrated by the net savings balance with regard to the rest of the world (Table 1). The balance on goods and nonfactor services reflects, by definition, the di...

III Foreign Exchange Markets and Official International Reserve Management

III Foreign Exchange Markets and Official International Reserve Management »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Recent Developments As a group, the Baltics, Russia, and the other countries of the former Soviet Union have made significant progress in convertibility, foreign exchange market deve...