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Exchange Rate Volatility and World Trade

Exchange Rate Volatility and World Trade »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750655.084

ISBN: 9781557750655

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate variability, trade flows, exchange rate movements

In View of the continuation of substantial movements in exchange rate relationships among major currencies, the recent increase in protectionist pressures, and the disappointing performance of world trade, renewed...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Exchange Rate Volatility and World Trade

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

ISBN: 9781557750655

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate variability, trade flows, exchange rate movements

In View of the continuation of substantial movements in exchange rate relationships among major currencies, the recent increase in protectionist pressures, and the disappointing performance of world trade, renewed...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Exchange Rate Volatility and World Trade

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

ISBN: 9781557750655

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate variability, trade flows, exchange rate movements

In View of the continuation of substantial movements in exchange rate relationships among major currencies, the recent increase in protectionist pressures, and the disappointing performance of world trade, renewed...

Historical Trends in Public Pension Expenditures

Historical Trends in Public Pension Expenditures »

Source: The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

This chapter analyzes historical trends in public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. These trends must be observed against the backdrop of gradual population aging. During 1970–2010...

I. A Comparative Analysis of the Functions of the ECU and the SDR

I. A Comparative Analysis of the Functions of the ECU and the SDR »

Source: The Role of the SDR in the International Monetary System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Juanita Roushdy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1987

ISBN: 9780939934812

Keywords: monetary fund, gold, monetary system, international monetary system, exchange rate

As part of the Fund’s present review of the role of the SDR in the international monetary system, 1 interest has been expressed in a comparison of the functioning of the SDR and t...

I. Implications of Changes in the International Monetary System for the Role of the SDR

I. Implications of Changes in the International Monetary System for the Role of the SDR »

Source: The Role of the SDR in the International Monetary System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Juanita Roushdy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1987

ISBN: 9780939934812

Keywords: monetary fund, gold, monetary system, international monetary system, exchange rate

In the years since the SDR was created, the international monetary system has experienced a number of profound changes. The present paper sketches the effects of these changes on perceptions of the role that...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

The need to understand the factors that influence the behavior of commodity prices has taken on a special urgency in recent years, as nonoil real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously sinc...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Exchange Rate Volatility and World Trade

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

ISBN: 9781557750655

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate variability, trade flows, exchange rate movements

In view of the continuation of substantial movements in exchange rate relationships among major currencies, the recent increase in protectionist pressures, and the disappointing performance of world trade, r...

I. Introduction and Summary

I. Introduction and Summary »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

An aging society is characterized by a growing proportion of the retired to the active working population. Societies age either when fertility rates decline so that fewer children are born, or when longevity...

II. Background

II. Background »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

Demographic Trends Projections of demographic trends reflect assumptions about future variations in fertility, life expectancy, and immigration flows. 2...