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5 A Game Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies

5 A Game Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction A fundamental role of the state lies in its provision of a legal order and in its ability to implement and enforce property rights and other formal rules in an econom...

Addressing the Natural Resource Curse

Addressing the Natural Resource Curse »

Source: Addressing the Natural Resource Curse : An Illustration From Nigeria

Volume/Issue: 2003/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856064

Keywords: institutions, growth, natural resource, oil revenues, oil prices, natural gas, Economywide Country Studies: Africa, Comparative Studies of Countries, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity, Economywide Country Studies,

Some natural resources-oil and minerals in particular-exert a negative and nonlinear impact on growth via their deleterious impact on institutional quality. We show this result to be very robust. The Nigerian exper...

Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia

Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia »

Source: Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia

Volume/Issue: 2019/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Niels-Jakob Hansen , and Albe Gjonbalaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513510552

Keywords: National accounts, Tax revenue, Disposable income, Consumption, Employment, Inequality, Public Investment, Cambodia., WP, property taxation

We evaluate the impact of fiscal reforms on growth and inequality in Cambodia using a calibrated general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents (Peralta-Alva et al., 2018). Over the last two decades, Cambodia'...

Afghanistan

Afghanistan »

Source: Afghanistan : Balancing Social and Security Spending in the Context of Shrinking Resource Envelope

Volume/Issue: 2013/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aqib Aslam , Enrico Berkes , Martin Fukac , Jeta Menkulasi , and Axel Schimmelpfennig

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484320587

Keywords: development spending, security spending, tax revenues, public finance, government expenditures, government spending, public spending,

For Afghanistan, the dual prospect of declining donor support and high ongoing security spending over the medium term keeps the government budget tight. This paper uses a general equilibrium model to capture the se...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-National Strategy for Development and Integration

Volume/Issue: 2008/269

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451800937

Keywords: local government, budget, article, public administration, revenues

This paper focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-National Strategy for Development and Integration (PRSP-NSDI) for Albania. The paper provides an overview of the key challenges facing the country. It pres...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Ex Post Assessment of Longer-Term Program Engagement

Volume/Issue: 2005/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451800791

Keywords: expenditure, tax revenue, public expenditure, expenditure management, fiscal policy

This report presents an Ex Post Assessment of Albania's Longer-Term-Program Engagement with the IMF. Albania has been engaged in a series of IMF-supported programs since the beginning of transition. This report pro...

Albania: Fifth and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Modification and Waiver of Applicability of Performance Criteria

Albania: Fifth and Sixth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Modification and Waiver of Applicability of Performance Criteria »

Source: Albania

Volume/Issue: 2016/61

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498379175

Keywords: tax, revenue, monetary fund, inflation, debt, Europe, Albania

Background: In February 2014, the Executive Board approved a three-year Extended Arrangement with access equivalent to SDR 295.42 million (492.4 percent of quota). So far, four purchases totaling the equivalent of...

Albania: First Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria

Albania: First Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria »

Source: Albania : First Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2014/211

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498323178

Keywords: public debt, fiscal risks, tax administration, tax revenue

KEY ISSUES Background: On February 28, the Executive Board approved a three-year Extended Arrangement with access of SDR 295.42 million (492.4 percent of quota). A purchase of SDR 23.55 million (about EUR 26.4 mil...

Albania: Fiscal Transparency Evaluation

Albania: Fiscal Transparency Evaluation »

Source: Albania

Volume/Issue: 2016/5

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513598734

Keywords: budget, transparency, debt, finance, revenue, Europe, Albania

This paper discusses key findings of the fiscal transparency evaluation for Albania. Many of the fundamental elements of fiscal transparency are now in place. The budget clearly shows the government’s forecasts of...

Albania: Selected Issues

Albania: Selected Issues »

Source: Albania : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2006/285

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451800869

Keywords: remittances, financial intermediation, revenues, credit growth

The Selected Issues paper analyzes the determinants of growth in Albania, the macroeconomic underpinnings for growth, the role of remittances in the economy, and the policy response to rapid credit growth. It also...