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APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Brazil: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Brazil: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil »

Source: Brazil : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2019/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2019

ISBN: 9781513508368

Keywords: Balance of payments, Central banks, Economic indicators, Expenditures, Gross domestic product, BCB, pension reform, primary balance, BNDES, percent

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Brazil discusses that growth is projected at 0.8 percent in 2019 and to accelerate in 2020 conditional on the approval of a robust pension reform and favorable financial condi...

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Brazil : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2019/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2019

ISBN: 9781513508368

Keywords: Balance of payments, Central banks, Economic indicators, Expenditures, Gross domestic product, BCB, pension reform, primary balance, BNDES, percent

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Brazil discusses that growth is projected at 0.8 percent in 2019 and to accelerate in 2020 conditional on the approval of a robust pension reform and favorable financial condi...

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Brazil : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2019/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2019

ISBN: 9781513508368

Keywords: Balance of payments, Central banks, Economic indicators, Expenditures, Gross domestic product, BCB, pension reform, primary balance, BNDES, percent

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Brazil discusses that growth is projected at 0.8 percent in 2019 and to accelerate in 2020 conditional on the approval of a robust pension reform and favorable financial condi...

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Various types of shocks cause fiscal outcomes to deviate from budgets and expectations—often by large amounts. Evidence presented in this paper has shown that macroeconomic shocks and calls on contingent lia...

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section analyzes the international experience with respect to fiscal risk disclosure and management. In the area of disclosure, the section reviews international standards and transparency...

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section draws some broad lessons from the international experience, recognizing that approaches differ on some issues. It then presents a more detailed set of Guidelines for Fiscal Risk Dis...