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Accounting discretion of banks during a financial crisis

Accounting discretion of banks during a financial crisis »

Source: Accounting discretion of banks during a financial crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Harry Huizinga

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873542

Keywords: Key bank regulation, fair value accounting, corporate disclosure, real estate, real estate loans, tier 1 capital, bank assets, real estate loan,

This paper shows that banks use accounting discretion to overstate the value of distressed assets. Banks' balance sheets overvalue real estate-related assets compared to the market value of these assets, especially...

Article IV of the Fund's Articles of Agreement - An Overview of the Legal Framework

Article IV of the Fund's Articles of Agreement - An Overview of the Legal Framework »

Source: Article IV of the Fund's Articles of Agreement - An Overview of the Legal Framework

Volume/Issue: 2006/035

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2006

ISBN: 9781498332545

Keywords: Article IV consultation procedure reviews, Article IV consultations, Article IV, Section 1, Article IV, Section 2, Exchange arrangements, Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate policy surveillance, International monetary system, Multiple currency practices, Exchange rates

This paper is designed to assist the Executive Board in its consideration of the steps that could be taken to provide members with more specific guidance as to their obligations under Article IV....

Australia

Australia »

Source: Australia : Addressing Systemic Risk Through Higher Loss Absorbency-Technical Note

Volume/Issue: 2012/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475542776

Keywords: market capitalization, banking, tier 1 capital, banking system, present value

Australia's four largest banks can be considered domestically systemic. They make up the lion's share of the banking system, use similar business models, and are interconnected. The top four banks are relatively si...

Belgium

Belgium »

Source: Belgium : Technical Note on Stress Testing the Banking and Insurance Sectors

Volume/Issue: 2013/137

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484381069

Keywords: banking, sovereign risk, capital adequacy, tier 1 capital

The Belgium Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) stress testing exercise examines a financial sector that remains in a state of transformation. Domestic economic challenges remain sources of continued uncerta...

Equity Returns in the Banking Sector in the Wake of the Great Recession and the European Sovereign Debt Crisis1

Equity Returns in the Banking Sector in the Wake of the Great Recession and the European Sovereign Debt Crisis1 »

Source: Equity Returns in the Banking Sector in the Wake of the Great Recession and the European Sovereign Debt Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2012/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , Estelle Liu , and Jochen M. Schmittmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505221

Keywords: equity returns, sovereign debt crisis, regulatory capital, panel data econometrics, banking, tier 1 capital, bank bond, General Financial Markets,

This study finds that equity returns in the banking sector in the wake of the Great Recession and the European sovereign debt crisis have been driven mainly by weak growth prospects and heightened sovereign risk an...

Fair Weather or Foul? The Macroeconomic Effects of El Niño*

Fair Weather or Foul? The Macroeconomic Effects of El Niño* »

Source: Fair Weather or Foul? The Macroeconomic Effects of El Niño

Volume/Issue: 2015/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Kamiar Mohaddes , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475535495

Keywords: El Ni&;amp;#x00F1;o weather shocks, oil and non-fuel commodity prices, global macroeconometric modeling, international business cycle, prices, inflation, variables, gdp, trade, Time-Series Models

This paper employs a dynamic multi-country framework to analyze the international macroeconomic transmission of El Niño weather shocks. This framework comprises 21 country/region-specific models, estimated over the...

A Framework for the Fund's Issuance of Notes to the Official Sector*

A Framework for the Fund's Issuance of Notes to the Official Sector* »

Source: A Framework for the Fund's Issuance of Notes to the Official Sector

Volume/Issue: 2009/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2009

ISBN: 9781498335881

Keywords: Article VII, Section 1(i), Borrowed resources use, Borrowing by Fund, External financing, Financial instruments, Fund approval proposed, Fund general resources, Holdings of Fund, New Arrangements to Borrow, Real sector

On July 1, 2009, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund discussed the Managing Director's proposal for a framework for issuing notes to the official sector. The framework approved by the Executive B...

Granger Predictability of Oil Prices After the Great Recession+

Granger Predictability of Oil Prices After the Great Recession+ »

Source: Granger Predictability of Oil Prices After the Great Recession

Volume/Issue: 2019/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Szilard Benk , and Max Gillman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513518626

Keywords: Supply and demand, Oil prices, Real interest rates, Energy prices, Gold prices, Oil Price Shocks, Granger Predictability, Monetary Base, M1 Divisia, Swaps

Real oil prices surged from 2009 through 2014, comparable to the 1970's oil shock period. Standard explanations based on monopoly markup fall short since inflation remained low after 2009. This paper contributes st...

IMF Executive Board Completes Second and Third Reviews Under Mali’s PRGF Arrangement and Approves US$3.8 Million Disbursement

IMF Executive Board Completes Second and Third Reviews Under Mali’s PRGF Arrangement and Approves US$3.8 Million Disbursement »

Source: Mali : Staff Report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation, Second and Third Reviews Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2006/73

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451826425

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, article, fiscal balance, Poverty reduction1,

This paper discusses Mali's 2005 Article IV Consultation and Second and Third Reviews Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). The PRGF-supported program is broadly on track. Performance on quantitat...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2005 Article IV Consultation with Mali

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2005 Article IV Consultation with Mali »

Source: Mali : Staff Report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation, Second and Third Reviews Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2006/73

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451826425

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, article, fiscal balance, Poverty reduction1,

This paper discusses Mali's 2005 Article IV Consultation and Second and Third Reviews Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). The PRGF-supported program is broadly on track. Performance on quantitat...