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Republic of Latvia
			: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation and First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement

Republic of Latvia : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation and First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement »

Volume/Issue: 2000/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451824438.002

ISBN: 9781451824438

Keywords: deficit, debt, budget, balance of payments, financial sector

With the resumption in growth, the economic recession triggered by the Russian crisis has ended. Additional efforts will be needed to reduce the current account deficit and increase its financing. The IMF staff com...

Republic of Latvia
			: Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475526677.002

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Republic of Latvia
			: Request for Stand-By Arrangement

Republic of Latvia : Request for Stand-By Arrangement »

Volume/Issue: 2001/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451824445.002

ISBN: 9781451824445

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, external debt, financial sector

Latvia's economy has emerged from the recession triggered by the Russian crisis. Executive Directors commended the strong economic growth and low inflation. They appreciated the open and liberal trade system and th...

Crisis Management and Resolution
			: Early Lessons from the Financial Crisis

Crisis Management and Resolution : Early Lessons from the Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Luc Laeven , Oana Nedelescu , Stijn Claessens , Fabian Valencia , Marc Dobler , and Katharine Seal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455286546.006

ISBN: 9781455286546

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial stability, Crisis management, Asset restructuring, Burden sharing, Moral hazard, Stress tests, resolution, too big to fail, financial institutions

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Role of the Legislature in Budget Processes

Role of the Legislature in Budget Processes »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462398973.005

ISBN: 9781462398973

Keywords: budget, approval, parliament, legislature, government, executive, accountability, annual budget, appropriations, budgets

This paper examines the role of the legislature in budget processes. The paper highlights that for promoting good governance and fiscal transparency, the legislature's active engagement in the budget process is ess...

Treasury Single Account
			: An Essential Tool for Government Cash Management

Treasury Single Account : An Essential Tool for Government Cash Management »

Volume: 11

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Israel Fainboim Yaker , and Sailendra Pattanayak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504699.005

ISBN: 9781475504699

Keywords: treasury single account, TSA, banking arrangement, bank accounts, cash management, liquidity management, treasury management, transaction processing, public financial management, bank

This technical note and manual addresses the following main issues: 1. Discusses the problems of fragmented government banking arrangements and how a treasury single account (TSA) could address them. 2. Explain...

A Modern History of Fiscal Prudence and Profligacy

A Modern History of Fiscal Prudence and Profligacy »

Volume/Issue: 2013/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Rafael Romeu , Ariel Binder , and Asad Zaman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616357825.001

ISBN: 9781616357825

Keywords: fiscal balance, fiscal policy response, fiscal prudence, Deficit,

We draw on a newly collected historical dataset of fiscal variables for a large panel of countries-to our knowledge, the most comprehensive database currently available-to gauge the degree of fiscal prudence or pro...

A Review of Capital Budgeting Practices

A Review of Capital Budgeting Practices »

Volume/Issue: 2008/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davina Jacobs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870183.001

ISBN: 9781451870183

Keywords: low-income countries, expenditures, capital expenditures, expenditure, capital budget,

A key challenge in government budgeting is to define an appropriate balance between current and capital expenditures. Budgeting for government capital investment also remains not well-integrated into the formal bud...

An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries

An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2001/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849066.001

ISBN: 9781451849066

Keywords: intergenerational fiscal balance, Ricardian effects, expenditures, expenditure, fiscal adjustments, fiscal position, Integenerational Fiscal Balance,

Several recent papers have examined the response of national saving to changes in fiscal policy. This paper uses knowledge about the intergenerational fiscal position of a country to determine whether this informat...

Are There International R&D Spillovers Among Randomly Matched Trade Partners? A Response to Keller

Are There International R&D Spillovers Among Randomly Matched Trade Partners? A Response to Keller »

Volume/Issue: 1999/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coe , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843620.001

ISBN: 9781451843620

Keywords: R&;amp;#x0026;D, spillovers, technology, total factor productivity, r &;amp; d, foreign r &;amp; d, r &;amp; d spillovers, equation, domestic r &;amp; d

Keller (1998) reexamines Coe and Helpman’s (1995) analysis of international R&D spillovers focusing on the weights used to define the foreign R&D capital stock. Keller creates “random&#x...