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How Big is Government?: The ratio of government employees to total labor force can tell us much about the effect of government on the national economy

How Big is Government?: The ratio of government employees to total labor force can tell us much about the effect of government on the national economy »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1974

Volume/Issue: 11/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1974

ISBN: 9781616353155

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal system, expenditures, fiscal policy, expenditure policy

This paper highlights that the distribution of income and wealth in developing countries has become a matter of great concern to all those interested in development. The paper highlights that in Latin America, the...

How Should Subnational Government Borrowing Be Regulated? Some Cross-Country Empirical Evidence

How Should Subnational Government Borrowing Be Regulated? Some Cross-Country Empirical Evidence »

Source: How Should Subnational Government Borrowing Be Regulated? Some Cross-Country Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2005/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Plekhanov , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860733

Keywords: Fiscal federalism, local government, budget deficit, fiscal discipline, subnational governments, fiscal imbalances, vertical fiscal imbalances, fiscal balances, fiscal balance, State and Local Borrowing,

Countries have adopted various institutional responses to subnational government borrowing. Using a sample of 44 countries 1982-2000, this paper provides a panel data analysis to determine the most effective borrow...

I. Introducción al Manual

I. Introducción al Manual »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

1. El propósito del Manual de estadísticas monetarias y financieras (MEMF, o manual) es ofrecer directrices para la presentación de esta área de las estadísticas macroeconómicas. Además de servir de ayuda en...

IFS: International Financial Statistics

IFS: International Financial Statistics »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1972

ISBN: 9781616353063

Keywords: inflation, financial stability, monetary fund, international monetary system, monetary system

This paper discusses the role of the IMF in financial stability and planning in world trade. The paper highlights that the IMF was set up to assist in the maintenance of an international monetary system that is con...

II. Marco Analítico

II. Marco Analítico »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Introducción 9. Las estadísticas monetarias constituyen un conjunto integral de datos sobre saldos y flujos de activos y pasivos financieros y no financieros del sector de las socied...

III. Unidades institucionales y sectores

III. Unidades institucionales y sectores »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Introducción 46. El capítulo III se ocupa de la definición de las unidades institucionales y su agrupación en sectores. La sectorización de los sujetos de las transacciones—cuyo prim...

Cote D'ivoire
			: Statistical Appendix

Cote D'ivoire : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1999/124

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451807844.002

ISBN: 9781451807844

Keywords: balance of payments, debt service, external debt, debt stock, public debt

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Competition in the Financial Sector
			: Overview of Competition Policies

Competition in the Financial Sector : Overview of Competition Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2009/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871937.001

ISBN: 9781451871937

Keywords: competition policy, contestability, stability, degree of competition, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Market Structure, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance

As in other sectors, competition in finance matters for allocative, productive and dynamic efficiency. Theory suggests, however, that unfettered competition is not first best given the special features of finance....

Decentralization and Macroeconomic Management

Decentralization and Macroeconomic Management »

Volume/Issue: 1997/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857276.001

ISBN: 9781451857276

Keywords: decentralization, fiscal federalism, borrowing controls, federalism, subnational governments, subnational government

The literature on fiscal federalism has amply discussed both the potential efficiency and welfare gains from decentralization and the potential trade-offs between decentralization and income redistribution. By cont...

Exchange Rate Regime Choice

Exchange Rate Regime Choice »

Volume/Issue: 1991/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nancy Marion , and Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851328.001

ISBN: 9781451851328

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, flexible exchange rates

Traditionally the choice of exchange rate regime has been seen as a second-best policy choice, which can be directed toward mitigating the distortionary effects of price or information rigidities. In this paradigm...