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II. Background

II. Background »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

Demographic Trends Projections of demographic trends reflect assumptions about future variations in fertility, life expectancy, and immigration flows. 2...

II Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Development of the Data Base

II Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Development of the Data Base »

Source: Government Employment and Pay : Some International Comparisons

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alan Tait , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1983

ISBN: 9781557750686

Keywords: employment, wage, wages, government employment, salaries

Sources of Data The collection of data on the subject of government employment and wages proved extremely difficult. Neither the International Labor Organization (ILO) nor any of the...

III. Identifying Fiscal Consequences

III. Identifying Fiscal Consequences »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

This section outlines the analytical and empirical approach adopted for assessing the long-run fiscal impact of a public pension system. 15 The section also presents projections o...

III Issues in the Analysis of Public Sector Employment and Wages: Leverage Implications of Public Employment

III Issues in the Analysis of Public Sector Employment and Wages: Leverage Implications of Public Employment »

Source: Government Employment and Pay : Some International Comparisons

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alan Tait , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1983

ISBN: 9781557750686

Keywords: employment, wage, wages, government employment, salaries

A principal motive for analyzing the size of government is the belief that government employment and wage policies have critical implications for wage determination throughout the economy. The larger the gov...

III Sequencing Capital Account Liberalization with Other Reforms

III Sequencing Capital Account Liberalization with Other Reforms »

Source: Capital Account Liberalization and Financial Sector Stability

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060852

Keywords: Financial sector, Capital account liberalization, capital flows, international capital, financial institutions

Proper sequencing and coordination of capital account liberalization with other reforms reduces the likelihood of external or financial sector instability, which has affected a number of countries that recen...

IMF Approves Stand-By Loan for Latvia

IMF Approves Stand-By Loan for Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Request for Stand-By Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2001/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2001

ISBN: 9781451824445

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, external debt, financial sector

Latvia's economy has emerged from the recession triggered by the Russian crisis. Executive Directors commended the strong economic growth and low inflation. They appreciated the open and liberal trade system and th...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Latvia

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation and First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2000/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451824438

Keywords: deficit, debt, budget, balance of payments, financial sector

With the resumption in growth, the economic recession triggered by the Russian crisis has ended. Additional efforts will be needed to reduce the current account deficit and increase its financing. The IMF staff com...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

IMF Papers on Policy Analysis and Assessment

IMF Papers on Policy Analysis and Assessment »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 44 No. 1

Volume: 44

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451957112

Keywords: labor market, unemployment rate, labor market policies, unemployment benefits, unemployed

This paper argues that an important group of labor market policies are complementary in the sense that the effect of each policy is greater when implemented in conjunction with the other policies than in isolation....

Issues in the Establishment of Asset Management Companies

Issues in the Establishment of Asset Management Companies »

Volume/Issue: 2004/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stefan Ingves , Steven Seelig , and Dong He

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974225.003

ISBN: 9781451974225

Keywords: Asset management, Bank restructuring, Financial crisis, corporate restructuring, loan restructuring, restructuring, asset management companies, impaired assets, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper discusses the role of asset management companies (AMCs) in facilitating bank restructuring and specifies some policy lessons learned from international experience. The paper concludes that there is no si...