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Optimal Tariffs

Optimal Tariffs »

Source: Optimal Tariffs : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 1993/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Ibrahim , Arvind Subramanian , and Luis Torres-Castro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1993

ISBN: 9781451846898

Keywords: tariff structure, tariff reform, tariff structures, trade liberalization, balance of payments

This paper examines the theory underpinning the design of optimal tariffs in a developing economy, and the experience of implementation of tariff reforms. A central issue is whether and when a case can be made for...

Parallel Currency Markets in Developing Countries

Parallel Currency Markets in Developing Countries »

Source: Parallel Currency Markets in Developing Countries : Theory, Evidence, and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 1990/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1990

ISBN: 9781451943221

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign currency, exchange rates, inflation

The paper reviews recent theoretical and empirical developments in the analysis of informal currency markets in developing countries. The basic characteristics of these markets are highlighted, and alternative anal...

Price Subsidies and the Conduct of Monetary Policy

Price Subsidies and the Conduct of Monetary Policy »

Source: Price Subsidies and the Conduct of Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 2012/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nooman Rebei , and Mohamed Safouane Ben Aissa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931209

Keywords: Taylor rules, optimal monetary policy, general equilibrium, government subsidies, Bayesian estimation, inflation, inflation rates, monetary economics, General Aggregative Models,

This paper investigates optimized monetary policy rules in the presence of government intervention to stabilize prices of certain categories of goods and services. The paper estimates a small-scale, structural equi...

Primary Surplus Behavior and Risks to Fiscal Sustainability in Emerging Market Countries

Primary Surplus Behavior and Risks to Fiscal Sustainability in Emerging Market Countries »

Source: Primary Surplus Behavior and Risks to Fiscal Sustainability in Emerging Market Countries : A "Fan-Chart" Approach

Volume/Issue: 2006/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oya Celasun , Xavier Debrun , and Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863277

Keywords: Public debt sustainability, fiscal reaction function, risk analysis, fan charts, public debt, equation, correlation, fiscal reaction, National Deficit Surplus, Simulation Methods,

This paper proposes a probabilistic approach to public debt sustainability analysis (DSA) using "fan charts." These depict the magnitude of risks-upside and downside-surrounding public debt projections as a result...

Promoting Fiscal Transparency the Complementary Roles of the Imf, Financial Markets and Civil Society

Promoting Fiscal Transparency the Complementary Roles of the Imf, Financial Markets and Civil Society »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Transparency the Complementary Roles of the Imf, Financial Markets and Civil Society

Volume/Issue: 2003/199

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Murray Petrie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451860139

Keywords: budget transparency, fiscal data, fiscal transparency assessments, budget activities, Public Economics: General,

This paper explores initiatives to date by the IMF, financial markets, and civil society organizations to assess and utilize information on fiscal transparency. The results of surveys and interviews of rating agenc...

Re-Accessing International Capital Markets After Financial Crises

Re-Accessing International Capital Markets After Financial Crises »

Source: Re-Accessing International Capital Markets After Financial Crises : Some Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2007/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luisa Zanforlin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867008

Keywords: Re-access, capital markets, debt service, international capital, global liquidity, International Lending and Debt Problems, Economic Development: General,

The paper analyzes the factors that contribute to the re-access of countries that emerge from a severe financial crisis to the international capital markets. It conjectures that these factors depend on a sovereign'...

Slowdown in Emerging Markets

Slowdown in Emerging Markets »

Source: Slowdown in Emerging Markets : Sign of a Bumpy Road Ahead?

Volume/Issue: 2014/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evridiki Tsounta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2014

ISBN: 9781498304719

Keywords: potential growth, emerging market economies, growth, growth rate, capital, tfp, labor, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Following very strong growth during the period 2000-12, emerging market economies (EMEs) experienced a slowdown in the last couple of years. This paper examines the supply-side drivers of the strong growth performa...

Sources of Debt Accumulation in a Small Open Economy

Sources of Debt Accumulation in a Small Open Economy »

Source: Sources of Debt Accumulation in a Small Open Economy

Volume/Issue: 1997/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdelhak Senhadji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451856606

Keywords: Debt Accumulation, Stochastic Dynamic General Equilibrium Model, External Shocks, Incomplete Information, Developing Countries, terms of trade, foreign debt, open economy

This paper analyzes the borrowing behavior of a small open economy of a developing country that relies heavily on imports for its capital formation and faces an upward-sloping supply function of foreign loans. Deci...

Sources of Inflation in Developing Countries1

Sources of Inflation in Developing Countries1 »

Source: Sources of Inflation in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , and Phillip Swagel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451860061

Keywords: exchange rate, money growth, exchange rates

This paper develops stylized facts about the inflation process in developing countries, focusing particularly on the relationship between the exchange rate regime and the sources of inflation. Using annual data fro...

Sudden Stops and IMF-Supported Programs1

Sudden Stops and IMF-Supported Programs1 »

Source: Sudden Stops and IMF-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2006/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , Poonam Gupta , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863611

Keywords: IMF-supported programs, current account, currency crises, current account balance, capital inflows, International Economic Order, International Lending and Debt Problems, Imf - Supported Programs,

Could a high-access, quick-disbursing "insurance facility" in the IMF help to reduce the incidence of sharp interruptions in capital flows ("sudden stops")? We contribute to the debate around this question by analy...