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The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis: Seven Common Criticisms

The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis: Seven Common Criticisms »

Source: The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis : Seven Common Criticisms

Volume/Issue: 1994/23

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451962154

Keywords: Ecuador, Chile, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Guyana, Suriname

The IMF played a key role in developing and implementing the debt strategy throughout the 1980s. That strategy not only overcame the crisis but also produced successful transformationsof several major economiesin L...

Ukraine's Gas Arrears
			: Issues and Recommendations

Ukraine's Gas Arrears : Issues and Recommendations »

Volume/Issue: 1996/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Amer Bisat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974010.003

ISBN: 9781451974010

Keywords: gas, gas import, local distribution, gas distribution, gas sector

This paper discusses issues related to the gas arrears ‘crisis’ in Ukraine. It concludes that the problem, which can be traced to policy distortions, can be contained through an acceleration of struct...

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators »

Volume/Issue: 1993/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972368.003

ISBN: 9781451972368

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate indicators, effective exchange rates, effective exchange rate

The paper reviews the basis for the use of various popular exchange rate indicators by tracing their conceptual development, the links between these indicators, and how they are measured in actual practice. It also...

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China »

Volume/Issue: 1995/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971248.003

ISBN: 9781451971248

Keywords: China, Sub-Saharan Africa, crops, agricultural growth, agricultural land, food production, agricultural products

Agriculture remains the dominant sector in the economies of most Sub-Saharan African countries. However, the experience of agricultural growth in the region stands in sharp contrast to the robust performance of agr...

Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle

Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle »

Volume/Issue: 1994/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971927.003

ISBN: 9781451971927

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, inflationary pressures, price inflation, monetary fund

The business cycle in several industrial countries during the period 1989-1993 was different from previous post World War II business cycles in important ways. This paper describes the unique character of the recen...

Currency Boards
			: Issues and Experiences

Currency Boards : Issues and Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1994/18

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965056.003

ISBN: 9781451965056

Keywords: Argentina, Estonia, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, currency board, exchange rate, currency boards, central bank, foreign exchange

This paper discusses some of the issues that concern the operation of currency boards, by comparison to conventional exchange rate pegs, and looks at the experiences of three examples of this type of arrangement: A...

Monetary Transmission and Financial Indexation
			: Evidence from the Chilean Economy

Monetary Transmission and Financial Indexation : Evidence from the Chilean Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1994/17

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965407.003

ISBN: 9781451965407

Keywords: Turkey, inflation, monetary policy, real interest rates, money growth, real interest rate

This paper reviews empirical evidence on the operation of the monetary transmission mechanism based on targeting of interest rates on indexed assets in the Chilean economy. The empirical evidence has two policy imp...

Real Wage Adjustment in the Former Soviet Union

Real Wage Adjustment in the Former Soviet Union »

Volume/Issue: 1993/11

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969603.003

ISBN: 9781451969603

Keywords: wages, wage, real wages, wage adjustment, inflation, Real Wage Adjustment,

Since 1991, the economies of the former Soviet Union have experienced sizeable shocks that have pushed equilibrium real wages far from pre-transition levels. This paper sets out a framework in which to assess the d...

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Recent Experience

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries : Lessons from Recent Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1993/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971187.003

ISBN: 9781451971187

Keywords: debt reduction, debt restructuring, bank debt, debt service, debt service reduction

A number of developing countries, including some of the largest debtors, have recently completed comprehensive debt and debt service restructuring packages with their commercial bank creditors. The experience of th...

Russia and the IMF
			: The Political Economy of Macro-Stabilization

Russia and the IMF : The Political Economy of Macro-Stabilization »

Volume/Issue: 1994/20

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Hernández-Catá

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963939.003

ISBN: 9781451963939

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, central bank, monetary financing, monetary fund, European II Department,

This paper reviews the experience with macroeconomic stabilization in Russia during the 2 1/2 years following the beginning of reforms in January 1992. It focuses on the different perceptions about the nature, the...