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Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Source: Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

Currency Boards

Currency Boards »

Source: Currency Boards : Issues and Experiences

Volume/Issue: 1994/18

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451965056

Keywords: Argentina, Estonia, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, currency board, exchange rate, currency boards, central bank, foreign exchange

This paper discusses some of the issues that concern the operation of currency boards, by comparison to conventional exchange rate pegs, and looks at the experiences of three examples of this type of arrangement: A...

Dedicated Road Funds

Dedicated Road Funds »

Source: Dedicated Road Funds : A Preliminary View on a World Bank Initiative

Volume/Issue: 1997/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Barry Potter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451971378

Keywords: Budgetary policy, World Bank, Road Funds, Budget Management Policy, Budget Policy, road, road maintenance, budget, road fund

In the past, Road Funds have been criticized as inconsistent with effective expenditure control, as distorting the allocation of public sector resources, and as incompatible with efficient management of government...

Deterring Abuse of the Financial System

Deterring Abuse of the Financial System »

Source: Deterring Abuse of the Financial System : Elements of an Emerging International Integrity Standard

Volume/Issue: 2005/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): John Abbott , and R. Johnston

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451975581

Keywords: Financial crisis, Anti-money laundering, International capital markets, Standards and codes, Financial integrity, combating the financing of terrorism, financial system, financial sector, money laundering, internal controls

Assessing financial systems' stability has required the IMF to dig deeper into financial sector issues and to include financial integrity elements in its assessments. Integrity elements are increasingly being addre...

Does Excess Liquidity Pose a Threat in Japan?

Does Excess Liquidity Pose a Threat in Japan? »

Source: Does Excess Liquidity Pose a Threat in Japan?

Volume/Issue: 2005/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Gauti Eggertsson , and Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451975666

Keywords: Expectations, Deflation, Japan, Monetary policy, Monetary policy, Inflation, quantitative easing, interest rates, interest, interest rate

This paper examines the effects of quantitative easing implemented by the Bank of Japan (BoJ) since early 2001, looking specifically at the impact on inflation expectations and real asset prices. It suggests a numb...

Economic Integration and the Exchange Rate Regime

Economic Integration and the Exchange Rate Regime »

Source: Economic Integration and the Exchange Rate Regime : Some Lessons from Canada

Volume/Issue: 2001/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451974942

Keywords: Canada, Canada, Economic integration, Floating exchange rates, Trade, United States, exchange rate regime, exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, interest rates

The Canadian experience with a floating exchange rate regime can shed some light on the question of whether A question of current interest in many parts of the world is whether with growing economic integration amo...

Economic Transition and Social Protection

Economic Transition and Social Protection »

Source: Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...

Emerging Equity Markets

Emerging Equity Markets »

Source: Emerging Equity Markets : Growth, Benefits, and Policy Concerns

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Robert Feldman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451971217

Keywords: Monetary policy, equity markets, stock market, capital inflows, equity prices, stock markets

Since the mid-1980s, there has been a very substantial increase in stock market activity in many developing countries. This paper first examines the main characteristics of the emerging stock markets, and illustrat...

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy »

Source: The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy : The Case of Romania

Volume/Issue: 2003/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451974546

Keywords: Europe, European Economic and Monetary Union, Social security, Romania, energy sector, quasi-fiscal activities, macroeconomic stabilization, transition, energy, natural gas

This paper assesses the main issues faced by the energy sector in a transition economy such as Romania and their macroeconomic dimension. It examines how the size of quasi-fiscal subsidies, owing mainly to inapprop...

Exchange Rate Policy and Monetary Strategy Options in the Philippines

Exchange Rate Policy and Monetary Strategy Options in the Philippines »

Source: Exchange Rate Policy and Monetary Strategy Options in the Philippines : The Search for Stability and Sustainability

Volume/Issue: 1997/4

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Aerdt Houben

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781451973341

Keywords: Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate regimes, Monetary policy, Philippines, exchange rate, central bank, nominal anchor

This paper evaluates the Philippines’ experience with different exchange regimes since 1970. It argues that the shift to a flexible regime was crucial to restoring external viability and generating an export...