The IMF is an independent international organization. It is a cooperative of 185 member countries, whose objective is to promote world economic stability and growth.1 The member countries are the shareholders of the cooperative, providing the capital of the IMF through quota subscriptions (Box 1.1 and the Appendix). In return, the IMF provides its members with macroeconomic policy advice, financing in times of balance of payments need, and technical assistance and training to improve national economic management.