This chapter explores the relationship between economic, social, and cultural human rights and the activities of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). More specifically, it examines to what extent the provisions of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (the Covenant) have legal effect on the IMF, to what extent the IMF is obligated to contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the Covenant, and to what extent it may do so under its Articles of Agreement.