Abstract

Despite widespread donor assistance and substantial amounts of aid, growth rates in the low-income CIS-7 countries have been much lower than anticipated. According to the official statistics, the CIS-7 countries are economically worse off than they were a decade ago at independence. They have been unsuccessful at “catching up” with the most advanced transition countries of Central and Eastern Europeo and the Baltics. In 2001, real GDP was about a third of its 1989 level in the CIS-7 countries, compared with 88 percent in the advanced reformers. Official per capita incomes range from US$158 (Tajikistan) to US$652 (Azerbaijan), ranking them among the low-income developing countries (though on many health and education indicators, they rank much higher); they are all International Development Association (IDA) recipient countries.

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